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IWO JIMA (Research Paper Sample)

This is a history research paper on the topic of IWO JIMA. If you use any of the information from your sources word-for-word, you must cite the source by using endnotes or footnotes. If you read the information and write it in your own words and it is not common knowledge, then you must cite the source because you are paraphrasing someone's information. source..

On February 19th, 1945 as part of their island-hopping strategy to defeat Japan, the United States invaded Iwo Jima. Iwo Jima was not the primary target, but the relatively quick fall of the Philippines left the Americans with a longer-than –expected lull prior to the planned invasion of Okinawa. Iwo Jima is located half between Japan and the Mariana Islands, where American long range bombers were based, and was used by Japanese as an early warning station, passing radio warning of incoming American bombers to the Japanese homeland. After capturing the island, the Americans deprived the Japanese of their early warning system, and used it as an emergency landing strip for damaged bombers, saving many American lives.
Iwo Jima is a volcanic island and it was heavily fortified, and the invading United States Marines suffered high casualties. The island is dominated by Mount Suribachi situated on the southern tip of the island. Tactically, the top of Suribachi is one of the most important locations on the island. From that vantage point, the Japanese were able to spot artillery accurately onto Americans particularly the landing beaches. Knowing that the island was of such importance, the Japanese were determined to keep control of it.
The Americans had a vast reserve at their disposal and as Iwo Jima had been softened up but the bombings close to two months before the actual amphibious assault. The first day of landing was February 1945 and the US marine too heavy casualties because of their in effective bombings. The Japanese took advantage of this and they used hiding holes for snipers. This also meant that Americans movement in to the island was hindered because the area had been heavily bombed. By the end of second day, Americans had cut the Island into two despite high number of casualties. Iwo Jima at some point proved to be a difficult and bloody target to take, as Americans could only advance several hundred meters per day given that they were not used to this kind of whether like their counter parts the Japanese. This made them vulnerable especially the heavy rains. However, the Japanese were trapped on around Kitano...
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