Overview Of The Vietnam War: Political Science (Research Paper Sample)
The topic that I chose is the Vietnam War, please review the instructions that I will attach in this prompt. Also, make sure that the sources are legit and are not regular online sources such as Wikipedia. I will also attach a writing guide to show what the professor likes and does not like.
Students are required to submit a research PAPER on a significant political event that shaped modern history, focusing especially on the political ideas that guided the main actors involved in the event. In the second week, during class, students will randomly select a particular ideology. Students will then identify the most significant historical event (military action, government policy, law, etc.) that, in her or his view, is most closely associated with that particular ideology. In the thesis, the student should clearly evaluate the impact of the event and the political ideology contributing to that event. In the body of the essay, students should first provide an overview of the historical event, focusing on the details of the incident and their immediate impact. (Please do NOT provide a long historical background of the event. Focus instead on the event itself and the contemporary historical conditions in which the event took place.) Then the student should spend several pages explaining the political ideology and showing in detail how these ideas and values relate to or are reflected in the event. Finally, the student should return to the thesis and, in the conclusion, spend several pages evaluating the significance of the event not just in terms of its immediate impact but also in its more general influence on the development of modern politics. Students should meet with the instructor if they are having any difficulties conducting research, developing a thesis or formulating a conclusion for the paper.
STUDENTS MAY NOT USE ANY GENERAL INTERNET SITES AS RESOURCES FOR THE PAPER (Wikipedia, History.com, Biography.com, etc.) Instead, students should rely on primary sources—the actors' own writings, speeches, letters, memoirs, etc.—and secondary sources including academic journal articles and books. The essays, worth the remaining 25% of the total grade, must be between four and six pages in length, double-spaced and typed (with normal margins, fonts, etc.). Page length does NOT include title, notes, bibliography, appendices and so on. The paper is due Thursday, APRIL 19TH. LATE PAPERS ARE NOT ACCEPTED. Students must use an acceptable form of documentation for their research papers (MLA, Turabian, etc.) A brief writing guide is provided at the end of the syllabus. Students who clearly fail to follow the guide or have multiple common errors on their written work will automatically have a full letter grade deducted from their papers.
Overview of the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War is considered one of the most problematic wars in American History. From the start, the war was considered a morally ambiguous conflict in that it was against communism and the suppression of nationalistic self-determination. It was also characterized by paradoxes. For instance, in the beginning, the US supported rule in South Vietnam in the ‘name of protecting democracy' (Wiest, 2003). Later on, the US forces started destroying villages in the ‘bid to protect them.' The US foreign policy experienced various challenges during the war because it had poorly defined objectives. The Vietnam War mirrored the events of the Cold War. In this context, both the USSR and the US avoided direct confrontation. West (2003) indicates that the primary factors that operated the war included backing proxy forces and governments that served their interests. The US backed the government of South Vietnam that was corrupt and weak. On the other hand, the Soviets backed the government of North Vietnam. The North Vietnamese was an independent group made up of nationalists that were against foreign dominance. In this context, the North Vietnamese advocated for the unification of Vietnam to resist foreign rule (Wiest, 2003). The US antagonized the nationalist groups by taking over the power void that had been left by the former colonial power, France. In the bid to fight Communism in the region, the US ended up assuming a hated role in Vietnam. In the bid to gain control over the region, the US sent its troops that were met by a deeply united nationalist society with a Communist cause and great hatred for the US intervention.
Political ideals that guided the main actors in the war
The US felt that if one nation in Southeast Asia ‘fell to communism,' there was an increased likelihood that the entire region would fall to the same kind of regime sooner or later. As a result, the ripple effects of this regime would influence the entire Asia-Pacific World. The idea informed Eisenhower's around the US foreign relations within the region. Furthermore, it informed the policymaking of Eisenhower's predecessors like Lyndon Johnson and John Kennedy (Kaiser, 2000). According to Kennedy, Americans were ready to ‘pay any price and bear any burden' in the bid to support the democratization of countries in Southeast Asia like Vietnam as a way of countering communist advance in the region. During his reign as President, America escalated its war efforts in Vietnam which started with the resolution of the Gulf of Tonkin which authorized the use of the military without necessarily declaring war (Kaiser, 2000). On the side of the US, the Vietnam War was facilitated by various courses such as the Cold War, Communism, and the concerns regarding credibility.
Regarding American credibility, Kennedy argued that if America did not protect the free nations in Asia aggressively, China would come into the picture and dominate the region. In this context, Kennedy believed that the US had an obligation of building and supporting the non-communist governments in Asia (Kaiser, 2000). He indicated that these countries represented the ‘cornerstone of the free world' in the region. On a similar note, the US wanted to show that it was still a superpower and had great influence globally. On the other hand, when Johnson took power, he came with different concerns regarding credibility. He ascribed to the concept of the domino theory. Therefore, he believed that the problems of South Vietnam arose due to communist aggression from the North (Kaiser, 2000). In this context, Johnson believed that South Vietnam needed to fight for itself with advice and aid from the American government. The regio...
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