Do Certain Culture Create More Psychopaths Literature Review Paper (Research Paper Sample)
Complete a Literature Review on the Prevalence of Psychopathy within certain cultures. The focus is does "culture" make an impact in the development of these personalities.
Answering the questions:
1. Are certain cultures more prone to individuals developing psychopathic personalities, and what could be the cause of this.
2. For cultures that have a low reporting of this types of individuals is it because of lack of psychological research, or are there specific things that a culture can have that diminish these type of personalities from developing.
Cultural Prevalence of Psychopathy
When studying psychopathy, culture plays a fundamental role regarding diagnosis and treatment of the conditions. Various studies have shown different causes of psychopathy and also highlighted that the differences are experienced inversely between men and women. To diagnose psychopathy, one need to take into consideration the inclusion of cultural and cultural influences on the approach.
Culture can be defined as behavioral norms, meanings, and the values used by members of a particular society as its reference point for the construction of their view of the world and ascertain their identity in their way. Traditions, language, values, religious beliefs are all part of culture. There is lots of need to understand the cultural manifestation of psychiatry to have an informed diagnostics and treatment plan. In the following paragraphs, the paper focuses on available literature on how the prevalence of psychopathy differs in different cultures.
The concentration of the paper will be on understanding why some cultures present with greater prevalence rates than the others and the exact characteristics of these cultures that drive this predominance. Additionally, the paper will attempt to the reasons why some cultures register little cases of psychopathy prevalence. In doing so, the paper will answer the question whether low prevalence is due to lack of physiological research or innate characteristics that makes it hard for individuals to presents with psychotherapy condition.
According to Mikton& Grounds, (2007), a manifestation of personality disorders, in general, is prone to cross-cultural bias. Psychopathy differs with other similar disorders like antisocial, dissocial personality and other mental illness. The available research on these disorders indicates that unlike psychopathy, the mental illness is diagnosable. Literature at the world health organization state stresses the role played by cultural variation influencing the expression of the construct. To answer the question, it is imperative to deviate from the realms of the western definition and explore cultural differences on a global scale. The goal, therefore, is to understand psychopathy outside the western perspectives into the world stage (Sullivan &Kosson, 2007).
Psychopathy, in general, can be contextualized as a personal disorder that entails interpersonal, affective, lifestyle and antisocial traits that include grandiosity, deceptiveness, egocentrism, shallow emotions and lack of remorse and empathy among other characters (Paulhus, Neumann, & Hare, 2009). While many studies have linked the manifestation. As a result role plaid by biological factors (Dolan & Doyle, 2007). Other studies support the view that the disorder is express dependently on cultural influences (Wernke& Huss, 2008). Culture determines the expression of personalities and behavior in many communities.
Thus the cultural impact on the development and the degree of mental disorder is profound (Mosotho, Louw, Calitz&Esterhuyse, 2008). Sullivan and Kosson (2007) state that several cultural groupings have identified impressions of individual engaging in behaviors and characteristics that meet the definition of the concept of psychopathy. Whereas the features are notable in almost all cultural groupings, there is no evidence of similarities between different cultures.
Studies have shown the prevalence of psychopathic individuals to be high within European countries compared to their North American counterparts. In a study by Sullivan and Kosson (2007) on prisoners, psychiatric patients and forensic offenders, recorded prevalence rate at 3% for Scottish nationals, and 49% of Norwegians. While this study concentrated on the developed countries, it can be representative of a multi-cul...
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