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Article Analysis - Phillips, R. (Research Paper Sample)


Phillips, R. 2012. Interventions against forced marriage: Contesting hegemonic narratives and minority practices in Europe. Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, 19(1): 21-41. 
(this is the source)
Research Article Summary Paper
GEA 3500 – Fall 2015 
YOU are responsible for reading and understanding these instructions. If you turn in an assignment that does not follow these instructions, your grade will reflect it. You cannot say I didn’t warn you.
The purpose of this assignment is to have you explore the type of scholarly research being done by geographers in Europe. The project will give you an understanding of the breadth and depth of research that geographers do, point out important issues in the region that are the subject of academic research, and give you insights on how geographers conduct research and present that research. This assignment requires you to focus on articles in peer-reviewed, scholarly journals rather than popular media. There are several things that distinguish scholarly articles from other types of writing. Firstly, these articles are peer-reviewed; meaning that they have been judged by up to four other scholars working on similar topics for their accuracy and merit before being published. Scholarly articles are also fully cited so that another researcher can prove the validity of the arguments by looking at the same sources. Thirdly, while popular media articles generally stand alone as a report on something, peer-reviewed scholarly articles represent ongoing conversations among scholars to advance our knowledge about the world – in this case, the geography of Europe. 
Technical Aspects: Your paper must conform to the following formatting: 12-point font (Arial, Times New Roman, Garamond, or Book Antiqua), one-inch margins all around, double-spaced, and number the pages. Any paper that does not follow the technical aspects will receive a 10-point discount in the final grade for this assignment. 
• Selecting an Article (DUE by Saturday, September 19 at 11:59 PM): The first step in completing this assignment is finding an article. The article you use must comply with the overall assignment – it must be a geography article, the research must be “located” in the European Region, it must be a full-length, research article (not book reviews, commentaries, or special issue entries), and it must be from one of the peer reviewed geography journals listed below. 
• The articles must also be published in the year 1995 or later. Only one person will be allowed to review an article, so it is a good idea to pick out a few that interests you. Here’s how to submit them: to submit your article preferences you will have to send the Instructor of the course a message with a list of three articles you have picked out in order of preference – your list should consist of full citations for the articles selected (Including: author/s last name/s, first name/s, year of publication, title of article, journal where it was published, volume, number, page numbers). You should also attach the PDFs for the articles to your message; note that the online messaging system only allows you to attach one file per message, so you will have to submit three separate messages including a full reference in each one (and the electronic copy of your selections in PDF format). If you fail to submit an appropriate article by the due date you will lose 10% of your final grade for this task, and I will assign an article to you – I can’t promise it will be interesting or easy to read. A list with the assign articles will be posted on Week # 5 of the semester.
• When submitting your three articles of choice, please use the following format to cite them, and include them in the text of your message:
o One author:
• Shubin, S. 2010. Cultural exclusion and rural poverty in Ireland and Russia. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 35(4): 555-570.
o Two authors:
• Clark, J. and A. Jones. 2012. After ‘the collapse’: Strategic selectivity, Icelandic state elites and the management of European Union accession. Political Geography, 31(2): 64–72.
o Three or more authors:
• Clark D.B., Doel, M.A. and F.X. Mcdonough. 1996. Holocaust topologies: Singularity, politics, space. Political Geography, 15(6-7): 457-489.
The articles you select MUST come from the following GEOGRAPHY JOURNALS: 
Journal Title Location
Annals of the Association of American Geographers G3.A7
Antipode: A Journal of Radical Geography G1.A67
*Area G7.A73
Cultural Geographies GE170.E376
Economic Geography HF1021.E4
Environment and Planning D: Society & Space H1.E58
Gender, Place and Culture G70.G4
Geographical Journal G7.R91
Political Geography JC319.P65
Social and Cultural Geography GF1.S6
The Professional Geographer G3.P7
* Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie (Journal of 
Economic and Social Geography) HC10.T55
*Transactions (Institute of British Geographers) G7.I6
*Note: These peer-review journals make emphasis in European issues.
Note that most of these peer-review journals are available online using the FIU Library system. Log on into and click on e-journals. Here you will have access to all electronic copies of the articles published in the selected journal. Once in the webpage of the journal you should conduct a search of a European location that may be of interest to you using the appropriate key word. 
The Analysis Paper (DUE by Saturday, October 17 at 11:59 PM): For the paper, you will need to follow the format given below in analyzing and summarizing the components of the research article about which you are writing. Remember that you are only using ONE article in the part of the project. In completing the following format, you will need to read each section of the article you are using very carefully, possibly more than once. Your paper should be at-least 6 pages in length (not including the Cover Page), you must follow the formatting procedure listed above, and you must submit your paper to the plagiarism detection website using the class webpage by the due date (instructions for submitting it to will be provided). Note that plagiarism will not be tolerated. If this or any other course assignment is plagiarized, you will earn an automatic failure grade in the course.
Follow the format carefully. When you write your paper, divide it into clearly labeled sections using the headings below. In each section, be sure to address the questions fully. Any paper that does not include the required labels/titles will receive a 10-point discount in the final grade for this assignment.
I. Cover Page: Title of the Article, Author(s) of the Article, Publication Date, Publication Source (Journal, Volume & Number), Your Name, GEA 3500, Fall 2015, Date Submitted
II. Introduction
How does the author introduce the article (for example, do they tell a story to situate the topic, or do they discuss other research, a media report, an event)? How does the introduction frame the coming discussion and argument?
III. Argument
What argument(s) does the author make in the paper (for example, are they saying that some topic hasn’t been studied (enough); or, are they saying that if we study some particular issue/case it will change (or reaffirm) how we think about some conception; or, are they saying that if we bring in a different conception it will change the way we think about a particular issue/case)?
IV. Structure of the Paper
How does the author go about making the argument in the paper? What order do they present the information? How do they layout the article? What sections are in the article, and what points do they make in each one? How do the sections build up to the overall argument?
V. Literatures
In what literatures (both theoretical and topical) does the author situate their work? What works do they cite, and how do they conceive what they are citing? Note: Not every paper will have a specific section dedicated to literature review – they may be embedded in various sections of the paper.
VI. Methodology
How did the author go about collecting that information (data) used to support their argument? Did they use interviews (who, with and how many), participant observation (where and how long), document analysis (historical documents, newspaper accounts, policy papers, etc.), or statistical data (gather by the author or some other entity) to name a few? How is the data presented: is it woven into the text of the article, or is it presented in some graphic form (maps, charts, graphs, photos)? How well does the data support the argument that the author is making?
VII. Conclusion
How does the author summarize their argument(s) one last time? Do they hint at broader implications of their work beyond the focus of this article? Do they make a call for more research in a certain area?
VIII. Bibliography
How many sources does the article cite and what types of sources are cited? How many of the sources are books? How many are research articles? How many are other types of documents (popular media reports – newspaper or magazine articles, government documents, planning documents, etc.)? How many are internet sources? Does the author cite Wikipedia?
Most of your paper should summarize the article in your own words! If you wish to use the wording of the article’s author(s) you should ALWAYS put quotations marks around it and give the page number where it can be found. No more than 10% of your paper should be quotations. If you quote too much, you will lose points.
Be sure to read the instructions carefully, and follow them diligently.


Article Analysis - Phillips, R. 2012. Interventions against forced marriage: contesting hegemonic narratives and minority practices in Europe. Gender, place, & culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, 19(1): 21-41
GEA 3500
Fall 2015
Date Submitted
Article Analysis
A writer can always introduce his/her work in various ways in academic work. Some do the introduction by telling a story to situate the topic, others discuss a media report on the same topic, related research, or even an event related to same area of discussion. In the article by Phillips (2012), the author tells a story in such a manner that the topic of discussion clearly comes out. He narrates the plight of Muslims in the western countries. The narration draws the attention of the reader on what to expect as the main issue of the discussion in the body of the article, consequently, helping in developing the topic of discussion.
The subsequent discussion and arguments are entirely built on the introduction. The arguments are done in such a way that they help in developing the main areas highlighted in the introduction especially in regards to the thesis statement. In the paper, the arguments is on whether the mainstream western values should be embraced at the expense of the Islamic teachings or whether the cultural values of Muslims that entail some human right abuses should be overlooked to implement the western values that advocate for what they consider a better society. The discussion for instance is entirely based on the practical challenges experienced in facing up the non-liberal practices that do exist without being at loggerheads with the Islamic faith as whole.
The author argues that Muslims should reconsider their stance on how they treat their women and that by so doing they will not necessarily compromise their faith. At first, he is torn between advising the Muslims to abolish their way of living when it comes to their perception of women and embrace that of the Western culture or strictly maintain the status quo. As he gets deep into the discussion, he gets to argue that most of the requirements of the Western culture in regards to treatment of women are after all not a breach of the teachings according to their religion. They can consider embracing them and at the same time continue practicing their religion.
The arguments of the author in essence practically revolve around the resolution of the obvious contradictions between the liberal the principles and the values underpinning advances towards diversity. These entail the principles of equality, tolerance within communities, protection from harm and non-discrimination. The arguments are made in such a way that can be used in informing various political practices, for instance, when talking about sex education, antidiscrimination policies and gender equality, and asylum and immigration issues so that homophobia and forced marriage are widely cited. The author’s arguments are not only based on the governance of the minorities as it may appear at first. Digging deeper into the article and carefully analyzing the arguments indicates that the author did such a commendable work in challengingly and positively shading light on the majorities as well.
Structure of the Paper
The author makes his arguments in a very logical manner. He states the various practices that demeanor women and portray them as lesser beings in the Islamic religion and give an alternative as is practiced in the Western culture. He argues that the Western culture practices are the best when the two are compared because it heeds to human rights and treat all as equal. The article is mainly made up of three sections; the introduction, body and conclusion. An abstract is also attached and it summarizes the work as a whole. At the end, the bibliography...
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