World View of Religion: The Problem of Good and Evil (Research Paper Sample)
This assignment uses the information you have gathered for your weekly World View Chart Assignments. Choose one (1) category (origin of all things, nature of god, view of human nature, view of good and evil, etc.) from the chart to focus on for this assignment. Consider how the selected aspect relates to each of the religions covered and to your own social or work experiences.
Select one (1) category from the completed World View Chart. Provide a rationale for choosing this category. I chose view of good and evil.
Describe the selected content and explain the significance of the selected category across the religions studied. (Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, Shinto, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Sikhism)
Provide one (1) specific example of how the selected category is manifested in your social environment.
Thoroughly select one (1) category from the completed World View Chart and provided a rationale for choosing this category. Covered all 10 religion.
Thoroughly describe the selected content and explained the significance of the selected category across the religions studied. Covered all 10 religions.
Thoroughly provide one (1) specific example of how the selected category was manifested in your social environment. Covered all 10 religions.
The ten world religions are: Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, Shinto, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Sikhism.
When one talks about religion, the issue of good and evil will inevitably, come up. As religious leaders and sacred texts encourage believers to live "good" lives, it has become necessary to determine what is "good" and what is "evil;. The BBC Religious Studies (2015) classifies evil into two types: natural evil or the "suffering caused by world events that have nothing to do with humans, and which are to do with the world is" and human evil which is the "suffering caused by humans acting in a way that is considered as morally wrong;. The way a religion sees evil all depends on the kind of relationship believers have with their God. The table below summarizes how the ten major religions define what is "good" and what is "evil;.
Developed 2,500 years ago in India, Jainism sees the path to kevala, through careful observance of non-violent behavior. They must live a life that does not harm another life form. They do not adhere to a God who is a creator, survivor and destroyer of the universe. Their version of heaven is similar to that of the Buddhist Nirvana wherein the believer is liberated from the cycle of death and rebirth and is reunited with all that is. Evil, then, is seen as the cause of all suffering, and that it is the normal state of things in the world. Jains have to experience this evil and through their self-efforts, self-initiative and a continuous striving to overcome evil (or in general, "goodness;), can they overcome it. To overcome evil to reach salvation or kevala.
Fisher, M.P. (2014) Living Religions Pearson: Upper Saddle River, NJ Fisher, M.P. (2014)
Hinduism teaches that there is an eternal spirit, atman, which undergoes the process of reincarnation. The atman comes into a physical form when a human being is born and is released back into the "cosmos" when a person dies. This cycle of reincarnation is called samsara or illusion. The goal of the human being is to break the cycle and reach moksha where the Hindu is reunited with his God, Brahman.
An important aspect of Hinduism is the concept of karma wherein an individual's action will always have its consequences, though these consequences may not always come in the same life. Through the law of karma, Hindus see that pain and suffering or happiness and bliss are not imposed by God, but are rather, the results of one's actions in his/her past life. Evil, then, is a capacity, in as much as goodness is a capacity of the human being. In this sense then, it human beings have the power to alter their destiny by choosing to act morally (according to the scriptures, the Vedas, Upanishads, etc.) or not. Karma and reincarnation, then, are vehicles for justice, one experiences good or bad karma either in this life or the next.
Buddhism is different from Jainism and Hinduism in that it looks at "good" and "evil" as innate to life â€“ they are two sides of the same coin, and are then inseparable. For Buddhists, all human beings have the capacity to be good or evil, but the "religion" itself does not prefer one over the other. The religion does not impose a definition for what is "good" and what is "evil;, and instead looks at the individual context of each human being. What is good for ...
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