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Effect On Age And Motive On Prison Sentencing Length (Research Paper Sample)


Source used is Landy, and Aronson. (27 Aug. 2004) “The Influence of the Character of the Criminal and His Victim on the Decisions of Simulated Jurors.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Academic Press.
Unattractive subjects receive harsher sentences than attractive subjects.
Steffensmeier, D., Ulmer, J., & Kramer, J. (1998). The interaction of race, gender, and age in criminal sentencing: the punishment cost of being young, black, and male. Criminology, 36(4), 763-793
Black and male subjects are more likely to be incarcerated and receive longer sentences.


Jury simulation project: effect on age and motive on prison sentencing length




The study focuses on perceptions and belief about how long burglary suspects should be put in prison based on two varying details which include age (18 and 40 years of age) and intent of theft (for food and for drugs). There were 60 participants but 51 responded fully and returned the survey and their indicated their biological sex and age. There was a two by two ANOVA with a Post/Hoc Tukey tests used to evaluate difference between variable 1 and 2 and their influence on sentencing. No significant difference was found for the main effect of motive (see table 1 for means), F (1, 56) = 0. 61, p = .439. In the jury simulation, age and motive influenced sentencing decisions, but the respondents only selected one option in the survey and there was no follow up on what influenced their decisions.
Jury simulation- the effect on age and motive on prison sentencing length

This is a replication of Landy & Aronson (1969), which simulated how criminal and victim characters influenced juror decisions. In the study, positively attributed inputs to the defendants resulted in leniency unlike the negatively evaluated inputs. For instance, unattractive defendants receive longer sentences, and some judges recognized there was risk of bias and this necessitated them to be more partial. If the jurors find the defendant personally unfavorable it is more likely that they will recommend severe punishment and believe that they deserve such sentences. Ina study by (Steffensmeier, Ulmer & Kramer 1998), the authors highlighted that there was a pattern of minorities receiving harsh treatment when they were the defendants with race influencing sentencing especially among young black males and the racial disparities still exist in judicial decision making. The victim

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