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Research Paper
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The Broad Field Of Psychology In General: Dreams And Dreaming (Research Paper Sample)


Students will select a topic related to the content in this course -- to the broadfield of psychology in general -- and write a minimum 5 page, typed(12 point font), double-spaced paper using APA format. A minimum of 4 total references is required. Students may use both internet and non-internet sources for writing the paper. However, sources must include at least 1 scientific journal article.


Dreams and Dreaming
Course Code
Dreams and Dreaming
The debris of a preceding day are changed into dreams and made insipid while a person sleeps (Schredl, 2009). So what exactly is a dream? Dreams can be defined as the chain of feelings, illustrations, vibes, in addition to ideas which take place during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep (Nichols, 2017). A dream can also be explained as the imaging of the trance life in a person's imagination. The formal term used to describe the study of dreams is oneirology (Nichols, 2017). Accordingly, the understudy will shed light on different types of dreams, why people dream and the psychological explanation behind dreaming.
It is believed that people dream an average of three to six times each night, even though some people do not recall having any dreams. A single dream is assumed to last from around five to twenty minutes, and about ninety-five percent of what a person dreams about cannot be recalled as soon they wake up (Guénolé et al., 2010). The act of dreaming can enable to learn and retain memories in long-term. In addition, the number and attributes of sleep that take place during the deep and light phases of sleep greatly differs. With these facts about dreams, why then do people dream?
Since many years ago, the concept of why people dream has puzzled many scientists and psychologists alike. No one can really explain why we dream although they can describe how we dream. Several theories have been put forward as to why we dream. These include representing covetousness that occurs while intrance, making sense of the information collected while awake, to work as a form of psychotherapy and to decode the aimless signals transmitted by the body and brain when one is asleep.
Dreams can be categorized into five phases. Phase one is characterized by airy sleep, laggard eye movement and effective slowing down of muscle activity (Schredl, 2009). This is followed by stage two where the movements of the eye come to a halt and waves of the brain appear slowly intercepted by spindles, which are fast-moving waves. In the third stage, brain waves referred to as delta, which move in a very slow fashion, begin to appear scattered by other waves are that quicker and smaller in size.
During the fourth phase, the brain ripples almost entirely produce delta waves. The eye and muscles do not move at this stage. The final phase is the Rapid Eye Movement where the breathing becomes faster, slight and random. The eyes twitch faster while the muscles of the limbs become numb albeit temporarily. The heart beats at a faster rate and the pressure of the hikes. When one rises when in this phase, they have a higher chance of recalling their dreams.
According to psychology, there are five major classes of dreams. These include ordinary, lucid, day dreams, false awakening dreams as well as nightmares (Guénolé et al., 2010). Dreams that occur during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep are known as ordinary dreams. They exist due to thoughts. The mind stores information collected during the day that is to be converted to long-term memory. These thoughts can turn into dreams that may lack any definite interpretation or real story.
In lucid dreaming, the dreamer is aware of their dream. Lucid dreams can also be referred to as “conscious

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