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Child Abuse Causes Depression (Research Paper Sample)


The topic is about child abuse causes depression. the detail rubric and instruction is in the link. just want to make sure that the papper has at least 5 empirical articles from 2004-2019. Be clear, it must be empirical articles otherwise I will not PASS this papper.
I want to clear the top is mainly about child abuse cause depression base on the range of abnormal study. This papper is about abnormal psychology. And I want to send whatever you write on Tuesday night. Thank you!


Child Abuse Causes Depression


Child Abuse Causes Depression.


Depression is a long-term mental disorder linked to long-term events or personal factors as opposed to immediate issues (Bradley et al., 2008). Depression affects how a person thinks, feels, and how they act. Further, the affected individual experiences feelings of sadness and in most cases, they lose interest in most of the activities that they previously enjoyed. If left untreated, the condition leads to physical and emotional problems, which reduces someone’s ability to function properly, both at home and work (The American Psychiatric Association (APA), 2018). Research links depression to various causes, which includes childhood abuse, poverty, and rejection. Child abuse entails emotional abuse, sexual torture, violence, and neglect. Child sexual abuse and physical violence are the main risk factors for mental disorder (Norman et al., 2012). Most children are abused by people close to them such as parents and guardians. The effects of child abuse last for a long time, with research showing their influence on some of the disorders such as depression during adulthood. This paper will explore various empirical articles that provide evidence on the link between child abuse and subsequent physical and psychological impacts. Different findings have shown a significant association between childhood maltreatment and adverse health outcomes.

The study by Norman et al. (2012) sought to find out the effects of physical abuse, neglect, and emotional abuse on an individual's health. Child abuse is any form of maltreatment, either physical or emotional that may lead to potential health harm to a child. The estimate of the severity of child abuse is not very clear because many cases go unreported due to fear of stigmatization and threats (Norman et al., 2012). Also, society has accepted such some kinds of violence. In developed countries, the child abuse rate is estimated at 4%, mainly as a result of emotional abuse or neglect by parents. The main factors contributing to child maltreatment include poverty, mental health problems, and drug abuse. Parents are likely to mistreat their children as a result of family breakdown, violence, and drug abuse. The society today has accepted that there is a significant public health impact of impersonal violence. In children, the consequences can either be direct or indirect. Direct effects include death and physical injuries. Indirect consequences are long term and can cause a significant risk which affects cognitive, and emotional development. Researchers found out the link between child physical and emotional abuse and health impacts. The data analyses of the studies provided evidence that child abuse is associated with adverse mental health outcomes (Norman et al., 2012). Adults who had undergone emotional abuse in their early age had a threefold more risk of developing stress and depression than not abused persons. Additionally, individuals who went through physical violence and neglect tended to indulge in drug abuse, suicidal behavior, and developed anxiety disorders. It was also evident that persons who had been sexually mistreated were at risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections. However, the study does not provide clear evidence linking child abuse with increased the likelihood of lifestyle disorders and chronic diseases.

The study by Bradley et al. (2008) focused on examining the effects of child abuse on the depressive disorder in adults. According to the authors, child abuse and other developmental stress contributed significantly to depression in later years. Rhee, Young, Ehringer, Corley, and Hewitt (2010) are in consensus with the insights presented by Bradley et al. (2010) on the influence of environmental and genetic factors to the developm...

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