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5 pages/≈1375 words
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APA
Subject:
Literature & Language
Type:
Research Paper
Language:
English (U.S.)
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Topic:

PlanNYC And Energy Efficiency: Watersheds (Research Paper Sample)

Instructions:

Write and submit a report, that includes a discussion section of about 5 pages of double-spaced text, with images or diagrams, if appropriate, explaining how, in your opinion, the component of PlaNYC Update of April 2011 discussed in your assigned chapter should be implemented, with an emphasis on how it relates to energy. Prior to the 5-page discussion section, include a title page with your name, student ID, and the title of your assigned chapter. After the 5-page discussion section, include a page with a list of at least 3 references that you consulted in addition to PlaNYC Update of April 2011, in order to develop ideas for your report.

The implementation ideas that you develop and propose in your discussion section should be written with consideration of how energy efficiency, sustainability, environmental effects, consumption, and production relate to the topic of your assigned chapter. It should consider how energy production or use affects your component of the plan, and how your component of the plan requires or affects energy use. Keep in mind the possible impacts that climate change may have on the functions discussed in your assigned chapter, and how these impacts can be mitigated.

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Content:

PlanNYC and Energy Efficiency
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Introduction
Starting out in the year 1837, New York has been one of the states that enjoys clean water, thanks to the systems that were put in place. Thanks specifically to the foresight that the leaders at the time had, New York now enjoys clean water compared to very few other states that do not have to constantly treat their water. More than a billion a billion gallons of water travel hundreds of miles to get the taps of the residents in New York, within the five boroughs. The state relies on the two main watersheds, which are the Delaware and Catskills (Bloomberg, 2011). These are connected to the five boroughs through an intricate system of aqueducts, reservoirs, tunnels and even distributions lines. In perspective, there are two main watersheds that cover an area of an estimated 2,000 square miles, with 19 reservoirs as well as three controlled lakes holding an estimated 580 billion gallons of water (Bloomberg, 2011). The state has been focusing all their efforts on the protection of the watersheds in the realization that, while this may be costly, the construction and operation of an additional filtration plant is going to cost the state massively, relative to the chemicals and more importantly the energy required and the impact to the environment. Through the implementation of the protection program, the state is able to achieve the objective of providing clean water, sustainable economic growth and environmental protection. By focusing on watershed protection programs, the state of New York is also going to reduce the energy needs compared to if they were to major on water filtration as part of water treatment procedures.
Watershed Protection and Energy Conservation
It is crucial to understand the elements of watershed protection to visualize the impact that it has on the reduction on energy use (Bloomberg, 2011). Some of the processes that are commonly associated with watershed protection programs include the aspect of conducting inspections on the soil erosion and sedimentation control associated with the storm waters. This can be considered under the storm water management programs. Streams and lakes and the habitat restoration, education and public sensitization and watershed panning programs. In the plan for the New York PlanNYC, the main concepts are associated with ensuring quality of the drinking water is maintained, ensuring the infrastructure in place is able to continue delivering water to the city residents, modernizing the in-city distribution channels and improving the level of efficiency with reference to the water supply system (Bloomberg, 2011).
Catskills Watershed
Fig. 1 of 3
It is important to note that, the efforts that the state is putting on, are more of proactive than reactive. With the maintenance of the clean water for example, the state is going to avoid the construction of a billion dollar projects to filter out the chemicals and impurities in the water (Bloomberg, 2011). At the moment, New York is one of the state that still has much of the water clean and can be drunk from the source.
Delaware Watershed
Fig. 2 of 3
However it is important to note that the state is working on completing the Catskills/ Delaware ultraviolet Disinfection facility. It is important to note that the UV systems are quite energy intensive (Washington State University, 2018). In some of the case, these are systems that can account for more than 20% of the energy that is consumed in a municipality (Washington State University, 2018). While the state of New York has been keen to use Chlorine gas, this is not enough as some of the pathogens which affect the young and the old still find their way into the...

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