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Mnemonics Experiment Research Report (Research Paper Sample)


Instructions for Empirical Research Paper in regard to Cognition and the memory strategy of Mnemonics. 


I participated in a cognitive experiment and so use the data you collect from the experiment to write an empirical research paper (the results are at the end of this document).


The format of the paper follows the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.), or, simply, APA style. You are encouraged to complete the APA style tutorial on the course web site and review the sample empirical report. Completing the empirical research paper and writing the results in APA style will enable you to achieve the following specific goals:


1   Obtain an experiential component to understanding research on cognition.

2   Enhance your appreciation for the research techniques used to investigate a mental phenomenon.

3   Apply APA format in a research paper assignment.


This is a research paper in regard to a Cognition course. 


Your empirical research report in APA style will comprise the following sections.


1            Title Page (2 points): The title page contains the title, author, and author affiliation in the centre of the page. Include a running head on the left-hand side of the page, and a header and page number on the upper right-hand side.


2            Abstract (6 points): The abstract is a 120-word summary of the entire paper and is typically written last. The abstract succinctly summarizes the crucial elements of the four major sections of the empirical report (introduction, method, results, and discussion).


3            Introduction (35 points): The introduction provides a brief but thorough review of the relevant literature that leads to the hypothesis and the predicted results. The description of each experiment in the assignment manual is also accompanied by two references; the original study upon which the experiment is based and a review of the literature relevant to the experiment. You are required to seek out three additional references using the online databases that are available from the Athabasca University Library (PsycInfo, ProQuest, etc.). Use the review article to identify topics or issues that you feel are relevant when selecting the additional references. In total, your paper should be based on 5 sources. The experiment descriptions also include a statement about dependent and independent variables. You will recall that experiments are defined by the presence of independent variables (variables manipulated by the experimenter) and the dependent variable (the variable measured by the experimenter). The general hypothesis of any proper experiment is that manipulations of the independent variable will cause changes in the dependent variable. Unlike other research methods, the experiment is capable of testing causal relations between variables. As you conclude the introduction, your review should naturally lead to a statement of the hypothesis and your predicted results. The predictions should be supported by the review.

4             Method (15 points): The method section is the objective summary of the task and administration of the task such that the experiment could be repeated by another researcher interested in replicating your findings. Be sure that your method section contains the following subsections as described in the APA style manual: Participants, Materials, and Procedure. Under Participants, you only need to describe the relevant characteristics of yourself as the lone participant. Those unfamiliar with APA format are strongly advised to consult the manual before completing this section.


5            Results (7 points): The results section of an experiment usually involves the presentation of descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics are summary statistics. Inferential statistics are tools used to determine whether the obtained findings are statistically significant. In this paper, you are only required to complete a descriptive analysis of your findings in the form of a table or figure (but not both). If you follow the instructions for the experiment, you will end up with a set of summary measures of your performance. This information will be used to construct an APA-style table or figure to include in your research paper. The table or figure will constitute the major portion of the results section.


6            Discussion (10 points): The discussion section provides interpretation of the findings with respect to the predictions made in the introduction section. You can also include your own observations and impressions of the experience as a participant, any limitations or shortcomings, and/or any future directions.



7          References (5 points): The reference section contains a list of works actually read and cited in the body of the paper. All references must adhere to APA style.


Mnemonics Experiment Research Report
The purpose of this research report is to determine whether the memory enhancing techniques (mnemonics) are effective in improving academic and behavioral performance of learners. Under the literature review the paper examines the main techniques that have been developed over the past. The paper further brings out in detail the two main techniques that used in mnemonics realm, which are the Loci and peg-word method. The Loci technique is associated with images that are tied to certain locations and therefore meaning. The Peg-word technique is a variant of the Loci methods as it ties meaning with images and therefore memories. Under the methodology, only one participant took part in the study. The research design involved a parallel examination of the two techniques, under the procedure of filling out a form after memorizing a list of names and testing the two techniques on memory retrieval. In the results, the score under Loci technique was 9.33, Peg-word technique was at 8, while the Rote learning technique scored an average of 5.33. in the discussion and conclusion, the Loci technique proved to have the best impact on memory retention and retrieval, the Rote learning came in second with an average of eight while the peg-word technique in this cased proved to be the least effective. One of the major limitation in the study, was the fact that, only one participant took part in the study, creating a loophole for bias. In future, it is recommended that more than one participants should be used in the study to ensure minimal bias.
Experimental studies done on human memory have clearly indicated that the human mind has a limited capacity for information storage, it has a reconstructive nature and it deteriorates with time. Further it is discovered that the ability of recalling or retrieving the information stored in the mind is dependent on the means or the strategies applied in gaining or accessing that information (Bower, 1970). This knowledge in the recent human history is being used in practical recalling information especially with the learning students in the context of eye witness.
There have been numerous techniques developed by various researchers in the efforts to demonstrate the effectiveness of their techniques in learning institutions (Bower, 1970). Some of the techniques applied in helping the students remember information include note taking, comprehension enhanced through reading instructions, knowledge organization and last but not least is memory techniques known as Mnemonics (Scruggs & Mastropieri, 2000). Though most of the mentioned techniques are excellent in helping student with academic performance it is evident through various studies that mnemonic instruction is the best technique that can be applied effectively to improve memory. There two salient characteristics with behavioral and learning challenges in students and they are identified as memory and learning. Many students who have difficulties in recalling academic data and content often fail in academic tests and eventually lead to the denied access to school curriculum (Scruggs & Mastropieri, 2000). In the recent human learning history there have been studies in the application of the memory enhancing methods with students' populations who face academic struggle. It is evident that these strategies have been effective in improving students' memory especially with specific content.
Therefore, the purpose of this research paper is to help determine whether the mnemonic techniques are effective in students learning behaviors (Bower, 1970). Two mnemonic techniques were examined that is Loci method and the peg-word method.
Mnemonics is simply the memory aids that help an individual in remembering a particular piece o...
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