6 pages/≈1650 words
Do we now have a valid Universal Definition and Test for 'Life'? (Research Paper Sample)
This is a research paper, I want the RESEARCH PAPER DRAFT To be done BY FEB 25th which is in 5 days. This assignment will be submitted on TURNITIN so it needs to be 0% Plagiarism. The basis of the assignment; I have picked the topic 3. (Do we now have a valid Universal Definition and Test for "Life"? Humanity has now begun sending spacecraft to physically explore other worlds in our Solar System. Draw from the thoughts and work of our most highly qualified thinkers and researchers to see if we now have a universally applicable definition for what we mean by "living" and the physical tests we can perform that should accurately determine if any life is present on the worlds we are exploring.) I know there is lots to talk about this, This paper needs to be written by a professional and highly sophisticated academically writer, Who knows How to argue scientifically and can show a good understanding of the topic. I will Upload the Outline and the instructions Underneath here. You need to READ the whole Academic Criteria to finish this for me. If you think this is a hard job, please tell someone who has passion do it. Your paper will be graded based on the quality, depth and breadth of the arguments you provide in defense of your conclusions and in answer to the topic question. It's expected that you will discuss information from at least three independent experts found in peer-reviewed sources before formulating your conclusions. At least one of these experts needs to be presenting views and arguments that are not in agreement with your conclusions, and you are expected to address these in your paper. So i will upload other students DRAFTS so you can also go through all of them and see if you're on the right track or not. The final paper is due on MARCH 12th. You need to have fully understanding of all the research you have done. Citation; "Whenever you use language or ideas from another source, you must make it clear that you did this, and indicate exactly what you have used. Using someone else's ideas or language and pretending they are your own is a serious academic offense, called plagiarism. It is the student's responsibility to be aware of the relevant rules. See http://www(dot)writing(dot)utoronto(dot)ca/advice/using-sources/how-not-to-plagiarize for an introduction, and contact your TA whenever in doubt. Citation style (numeric, Name-Year, etc) is up to the student. Enough information must be provided for us to locate the source (long sources like books must include chapter & page #)." So please Let me know if you need any information or if you need to contact my T.A. I will go ahead and submit your question to them. Be sure that you're Concise as possible and you have Reasonable information to argue and have reasonable counter arguments in regards to the TOPIC. GoodLUCK source..
Definition and test for life
There is no universally accepted definition of living and life, but most definitions incorporate the shared characteristics of living things. Thus, the study of life has mostly focused on living organisms on planet earth. With the continued growth in technological know-how in spacecraft manufacture and outersapce exploration, the debate has been reignited once again. To gain a better understanding of what constitutes life, many scientists have integrated biological explanations with astronomy in expanding the functioning and composition of living tissues (Bortz, 2008). Up to now there is no widely accepted definition of life, but identifying similar characteristics in living things can help to create tests that detect presence of life.
Adopting any of the various definitions would be inadequate as none of the explanations are robust enough. NASA conceptualized life as being both self sustaining and adhering to Darwinian explanations for evolution (Benner, 2010). Though widely accepted this definition ignores the fact that living things do not exist through a self sustaining system. Other widely accepted definitions point out that life occurs through reproduction (Popa, 2004), but this definition is also narrow as reproduction ceases at certain stages while life continues. The debate as to what really constitutes life is not irrelevant as space missions need to identify what constitutes life in their explorations. Furthermore, a precise definition is vital to understand the survival and living habits of other living things beyond the earth. There is also a need to identify the factors that make life hospitable for organisms in many habitats.
Distinguishing between living and nonliving things is the first step before a universally accepted definition can take place. In the field of biology there are no agreeable criteria on what constitutes living things though biology is the study of life (Mullen, 2002). Another potential problem of defining and designing tests for life is that living things may share characteristics with non living things, for instance metabolism is common in organisms but may also be exhibited by non living organisms. A study conducted on Mars found out that injecting the Martian soil with radioactive ingredients later led to emission of carbon dioxide (Mullen, 2002) & (Nolan, 2008). Nonetheless, the study was inconclusive as the soil had unique composition that imitated metabolic reactions (Mullen, 2002).
Origin and conceptualization of life
An understanding of the origin of life is crucial in designing tests that distinguish between life and non life forms. Historically, the earliest explanations of life looked into synthesization of amino acids as a possible explanation of life’s origin (Aubrey, 2008) & Weber (2010). However, the definition of life also depends on the purported origin, and hence the two cannot be separated from each o...
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