Obesity Risk Factors Among Black Hispanic, Low-income Women (Research Paper Sample)
Describe the background of the problem. Identify the stakeholders/change agents and list the interested parties. Provide the PICOT question. State the purpose and project objectives in specific, realistic, and measurable terms. Develop an initial reference list.
There is no discernible problem description and/or objectives. The problem selection rationale is not addressed or is minimally addressed. Expected changes before and after the evidence-based practice are not addressed or are minimally addressed. Inaccurate comprehension of material and lack the ability to apply information is revealed. Subject matter is absent, inappropriate, and/or irrelevant. Initial reference list is missing. Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice and/or sentence construction are used.
The problem description and objectives are addressed, but not all components are included. Alignment is difficult to discern. The problem is not in the correct format. Objectives are lacking measurement or may be ambiguous. The problem selection rationale is not addressed or is minimally introduced with no supporting details. Expected changes before and after the evidence-based practice are listed. A lack of comprehension is displayed, but there is an attempt to apply information. A partial initial reference list is developed. There is weak, marginal coverage of subject matter with large gaps in presentation. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, and/or word choice are present.
The problem description and objectives are stated but may not be fully developed or aligned. The problem is in the PICOT format but not appropriately developed. Objectives are measurable but may be ambiguous. The problem selection rationale is present but the significance is unclear. Expected changes are briefly introduced. Comprehension of the material is exhibited and there is clearly an attempt to integrate and apply information. All subject matter is covered in minimal quantity and quality. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used.
The problem description and objectives are presented and tie together. The stakeholders/change agents - who or what organizations are concerned, may benefit from, or are affected by this proposal - are identified. The problem is in the PICOT format and developed appropriately. Objectives are measurable. The problem selection is justified using literature. Expected changes are outlined. An initial reference list is developed. Integrative and accurate comprehension is demonstrated and information is applied as appropriate. There is comprehensive coverage of subject matter. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used.
The problem description and objectives are presented in detail and align. The stakeholders/change agents - who or what organizations are concerned, may benefit from, or are affected by this proposal - are described. The problem is in the PICOT format and developed appropriately. Objectives are measurable. The problem selection is justified using literature and supportive examples, not just based on the most current evidence. Expected changes before and after the evidence-based practice are integrated. An initial reference list is developed. Clarity and specificity of comprehension are demonstrated, and all relevant information is synthesized. Coverage extends beyond what is needed to support subject matter. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.
EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROPOSAL
SECTION C: LITERATURE SUPPORT
SECTION C: LITERATURE SUPPORT
The PICOT research question is “How does the risk of obesity among Black Hispanic, low income women aged 40-45 compare with that of their non-Hispanic white middle class counterparts observed within a 6 month period?”. The purpose of the proposed study is to establish how obesity risk factors among Black Hispanic, low income women aged 40-59 compares with that of their White non-Hispanic Caucasian middle class counterparts as observed within a six month period. The PICOT question has been revised to exclude, ‘stay at home’ phrase immediately after the “Black Hispanic”. This was done to make the question more measurable.
The rationale for the study is based on the fact that Black Hispanics are the highest at risk racial group in the United States while their non-Hispanic white counterparts have a relatively lower risk of getting overweight or obese (Yanovski & Yanovski, 2012).This disparity in predisposition is critical as it suggests a genetic risk of exposure besides other lifestyle and nutrition related factors. The statistics further revealed that Non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanic were the most at risk populations based on an age adjusted rate, with each constituting 47.8% and 42.5% respectively (NCHS, 2016). The most obese American population falls within the 40-59 age bracket that constitutes 39.5% of the total prevalence. The study is important given the recent CDC findings have shown that the 10 most obese U.S States have also reported relatively high rates of blood pressure, cholesterol, depression diabetes and heart attack with prevalence rates of 35.8%, 28.2%, 20.7%, 14.3%, 7.8% and 5% respectively (Ogden et al., 2016). These statistics provides a solid ground that supports the project.
Furthermore, statistics indicate that African American women are highly likely to be obese since 1 out of 4 African American women are either obese or overweight (Johnson et al., 2014). According to CDC 2005 statistics, African American women had 60% chances of becoming overweight or obese as compared to their non-Hispanic counterparts. Furthermore, a 2015 National Center for Health Services (NCHS) report showed that African American women had a susceptibility level of 1.4 as compared to non-Hispanic whites (NCHS, 2016). Furthermore, African American young women had 50% chances of turning overweight as compared to their non-Hispanic counterparts.
LITERATURE EVALUATION BASED ON THE CHECKLIST
The study was conducted by Hales at al. (2017), and sought to establish the obesity prevalence among American adults and Youth. It was titled, “Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth”. The study linked obesity to serious health risks. According to the study, monitoring is important toward prevention of obesity. The study accomplished that there exists an upward trend in obesity prevalence rates among adults. Furthermore, the study provided national obesity estimates based on the 2015-2016 prevalence statistics based on age, race and Hispanic origin. The study objective was to review the obesity prevalence rates among American adults and youth. The study findings are relevant to the current study as they support the research objective. Furthermore, the study is relevant as it studied prevalence based on sex, age race and targeted people of Hispanic origin. The study is relevant because the current study seeks to determine risk factors among Black Hispanic women aged 40-59 and their non-Hispanic white counterparts.
The second study was
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