Eating Disorders and Family (Research Paper Sample)
This paper is 10 pages in length excluding the bibliography. Students can choose any topic they would like related to Eating Disorders except for topics that are specifically focused on medical issues.
Topic will be on
Eating disorders and families
Writing Guidelines: Your paper should be written in 12 point size with margins of 1 inch and double-spaced. Use a minimum of 8 references, using APA referencing. You may use course articles, as well as other academic materials, as your references.
Eating Disorders and Family
Eating Disorders and Family
Eating disorders continue to afflict many families and are common among adult and adolescent women, and sometimes men, compromising their wellbeing and general quality of life. Besides genetics and personality traits, eating disorders are often complex, chronic, and biopsychosocial conditions caused by multiple family and environmental factors interacting in a complex way to create and maintain the conditions. The Academy for Eating Disorders (AED) classifies anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa as well as other variants of eating disorders as serious mental illnesses that are significantly heritable (Klump, Bulik, Kaye, Treasure, & Tyson, 2009). However, eating disorders are yet to be considered as serious forms of mental disorders in some countries in the world. This failure to acknowledge the seriousness of these conditions has led to a healthcare crisis for the afflicted and their families (Klump et al., 2009). A study by Haworth-Hoeppner (2000) contributes to earlier findings that culture and family have a role to play in the etiology of eating disorders. The study explores how a family can mediate cultural perspectives about thinness and how families become a medium of conveying such ideas to family members (Haworth-Hoeppner, 2000). Recognizing the role of the family in the development of eating disorders, the Maudsley method or family-based treatments (FBT) have been recommended for treating eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorders (Lock & le Grange, 2007). This paper explores the relationship between eating disorders and family and proposes family-based treatments as effective approaches to treating the conditions.
2.0 Eating Disorders
Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating are the most common eating disorders affecting adolescent and adult women and to some extent men. Studies have shown that families tend to be affected by these kinds of disorders differently. Individuals with anorexia nervosa follow a restricted routine of energy intake, resulting in a bodyweight that is significantly low in comparison to their age, sex, physical health, and development trajectory. Most of these individuals have an extreme fear of becoming fat or gaining weight, even when their current weight is significantly low (Mehler et al. n.d). Whereas their family members may try to encourage these individuals to change their eating habits, these individuals fail to recognize the seriousness of their size and weight. Individuals with anorexia nervosa increasingly engage in binge eating, followed by a purging behavior that involves self-induced vomiting. This also includes the misuse of diuretics, laxatives, or enemas (Module 1, ppt). Most victims with this disorder deny they have the problem or lack insight about the attributes of the disease.
Scholars have shown that most individuals with this condition have a psychological imbalance, and this tends to have a severe impact on the entire family (Douzenis & Michopoulos, 2015). Family members who care for individuals with anorexia nervosa are often exposed to a wider range of psychological disorders, and they may end up experiencing anxiety, stress, and depression. Although most psychological challenges caused by malnutrition can be reversed using nutritional rehabilitation, some conditions such as loss of the density of bone mineral marrow are very difficult to reverse. Individuals who are severely underweight usually develop depressive symptoms, including irritability, depressed mood, insomnia, social withdrawal, and lack of interest in sex. Undernourished individuals also possess the above features, and any progression of these sym...
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