Sign In
Not register? Register Now!
Essay Available:
Pages:
4 pages/≈1100 words
Sources:
5 Sources
Level:
APA
Subject:
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Type:
Research Paper
Language:
English (U.S.)
Document:
MS Word
Date:
Total cost:
$ 20.74
Topic:

Cell Biology and Genetics Case Study on Maria’s Heart Problem (Research Paper Sample)

Instructions:

Maria is a sedentary, 68-year-old woman who is overweight. She complains that her hands and feet are always cold, and she tires quickly when cleaning the house. At her most recent visit to her doctor, her blood pressure was 184/98 mm Hg. She has edema around her ankles and legs, and her physician is concerned about an echocardiogram that indicates Maria has an enlarged heart.
1.Identify two reasons why Maria will have tissue ischemia. How might this lead to hypoxia?
2.What two early and reversible changes occur to tissue cells when they are hypoxic?
3. What specific type of cellular adaptation has taken place in Maria’s enlarged heart? What made you come to this conclusion?
4.Predict why Maria’s heart has become enlarged. Why doesn’t this enlargement give her the same cardiac strength and endurance as a well-trained athlete?

source..
Content:


Case Study on Maria’s Heart Problem.
Student’s Name:
Student’s Number:
Institution:
Maria is a sedentary, 68-year-old woman who is overweight. She complains that her hands and feet are always cold, and she tires quickly when cleaning the house. At her most recent visit to her doctor, her blood pressure was 184/98 mm Hg. She has edema around her ankles and legs, and her physician is concerned about an echocardiogram that indicates Maria has an enlarged heart.
1 Identify two reasons why Maria will have tissue ischemia. How might this lead to hypoxia?
According to a detailed report by the Vascular Disease Foundation, potential risk factors for ischemia are similar to those of atherosclerosis. Some of these risk factors include smoking, age, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, genetic and background of a family, obesity and sedentary lifestyle, just to mention the main ones (Panjrath & Ahmed, 2017). In this context, Maria has numerous risk factors that constitute ischemia. She lives a sedentary lifestyle, she is overweight, and she has high blood pressure and admits that she has not been maintaining the healthy lifestyle that is expected of a young-old individual.
According to the American Heart Association, ischemia is a disease caused by lack of a steady blood flow, biological symptoms of hypoxia. Admitting to living a sedentary lifestyle, her high blood pressure and obesity have massively yielded the presence of a huge strain in her cardiovascular system. In addition, having an echocardiogram indicates that Maria’s heart is enlarged and this are early signs of Cardiac Ischemia (Inamdar & Inamdar, 2016). The enlargement of the heart is an attempt to contain the high demand of oxygenated blood by the body, something that has weakened her heart muscles by stretching in proportion to the heart’s contractions. This will evidentially weaken the heart in the process where it will try to compensate cell enlargement.
This case will eventually lead to hypoxia because a report by the American Heart Association shows that an enlarged and weak heart has vast difficulty in providing body cells with oxygen, causing poor breathing and brain activity (American Heart Association, 2018). Also, the cardiovascular system of a human being plays vital role in circulation of the lymphatic system. Two issues in the body, the pressure of the blood and osmotic pressure prevents the fluid from been flowed in to the tissue space. Therefore, for the case of Maria of malfunctioned cardiovascular system, there is an increased amount of fluid leaks in to the lymphatic system due to an uncontrolled blood pressure that damages each lining of the blood vessels. Furthermore, the reports that Maria has cold hands and feet might be symptoms of a peripheral heart disease. This analysis shows the Maria is at great risk of hypoxia. Her heart and the circulatory system is very strained and not working properly and her sedentary lifestyle is not only the main factor for the disease but also an indication that her peripheral heart disease is getting worse, and these could lead to complete and terminal hypoxia (Modolo et al., 2014).
2 What two early and reversible changes occur to tissue cells when they are hypoxic?
Two early and reversible changes that occur when a body is hypoxic is t

...
Get the Whole Paper!
Not exactly what you need?
Do you need a custom essay? Order right now:

You Might Also Like Other Topics Related to art essays:

  • Smart Cities Will The Trend Create Competitors?
    Description: 1. Will this trend create new competitors for us? 2. How does this trend inspire us? 3. How does this trend help us think about innovation? ...
    3 pages/≈825 words | 3 Sources | APA | Business & Marketing | Research Paper |
  • Discussion 2 A Critical Part Of Any Research
    Description: A substantive response is respectful, professional, unique, highlights the key points you have learned, adds your content knowledge, compares and contrasts, provides further research, is topic-related, and is at least five sentences in length....
    1 page/≈275 words | 1 Source | APA | Health, Medicine, Nursing | Essay |
  • Final Assessment Technology Artificial Intelligence
    Description: AI restructures and changes job descriptions. Some people see it as a threat while others see it as a development. This paper thus seeks to build on the above and explicate on the goals, impact, and ethical implications of AI in the world today....
    5 pages/≈1375 words | 7 Sources | APA | Technology | Essay |
HIRE A WRITER FROM $11.95 / PAGE
ORDER WITH 15% DISCOUNT!