Key Findings and limitations of Alcohol Consumption among First time Mothers: A Cohort Study (Research Paper Sample)
Prompt: For this milestone assignment, address the following in regard to the article you have selected for the final project:
State the results of the research, describing how the researchers determined whether or not the results are statistically significant.
Describe the differences in the results between the groups in the study and support your description with examples from the study.
Explain the limitations presented by the study population and sample size used. Support your explanation with examples from the study.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the type of statistical analysis used. Support your discussion with examples from the study.
Identify the limitations of the study design used and explain why those limitations exist.
Guidelines for Submission: This milestone assignment should be ¾ of a page to 1 page in length. Your paper must be double-spaced, use 12-point Times New
Roman font, one-inch margins, and APA style for citations and formatting.
Key findings and limitations of alcohol consumption among first time mothers: a cohort study
The researchers sought to determine whether alcohol consumption was linked to preterm birth, before and during pregnancy. 91% of the responders consumed alcohol before pregnancy while 20% consumed during pregnancy (Dale, Bakketeig & Magnus, 2016). The researchers used the odds ratio to determine the association between pre-term birth and alcohol consumption during pregnancy, which was 0.81 ((95% confidence interval [CI], 0.70-0.95). The authors stated there was a “statistically significant tendency toward lower risk of preterm birth of pre pregnancy drinking” (Dale, Bakketeig & Magnus, 2016).
For the nondrinkers and drinkers (prepregnancy drinkers and drinkers during pregnancy), here was no increased risk of preterm birth among the drinkers. The risk decreased when there was increased frequency of consumption, but this was not the case for those drinking during pregnancy. When considering those who drank before or during the pregnancy compared to those who drank both periods the risk of preterm bi
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