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Mathematics & Economics
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Math Problem
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Managerial Accounting Mathematics & Economics Math Problem (Math Problem Sample)

Instructions:

Problem2.
Below are adjusted accounts and balances for Ace Retailing Ltd. for the year ended December 31, 2020:
Cost of goods sold 750,000
Dividends declared (common shares) 245,000
Dividends declared (preferred shares) 82,000
Gain on disposal of discontinued J division 115,000
Gain on sale of FVNI investments 45,000
Interest income 15,000
Loss on impairment of goodwill 12,000
Loss due to warehouse fire 175,000
Loss from operation of discontinued J division 285,000
Loss on disposal of unused equipment from F division 82,000
Retained earnings, January 1, 2020 458,000
Sales revenue 1,500,000
Selling and administrative expenses 245,000
Unrealized gain on FVOCI investments (OCI) 18,600
Additional information:
1.Ace decided to discontinue the J division operations. A formal plan to dispose of J division has been completed. There are no plans to dispose of F division at this time.
2.During 2020, 400,000 common shares were outstanding with no shares activity for 2020.
3.Ace's tax rate is 27%.
4.Ace follows IFRS and accounts for its investments in accordance with IFRS 9 meaning that any unrealized gains/losses for FVNI are reported through net income and FVOCI are reported in OCI.
Required:
a.Prepare a multiple-step statement of income for the year ended December 31, 2020, in good form reporting expenses by function.
b.Prepare a combined statement of income and comprehensive income in good form reporting expenses by function.
c.How would the answer in part (b) differ if a statement of comprehensive income were to be prepared without combining it with the statement of income?
d.Prepare a single-step statement of income in good form reporting expenses by function.
e.Explain what types of items are to be reported in other revenue and expenses as part of continuing operations, and provide examples for a retail business.
Problem3.
Below is the trial balance in no particular order for Hughey Ltd. as at December 31, 2021:
Hughey Ltd.
Trial Balance
As at December 31, 2021
  Debits   Credits
Cash   $ 250,000  
Accounts receivable   1,015,000  
Allowance for doubtful accounts     $ 55,000
Prepaid rent   40,000  
Inventory   1,300,000  
Investments – available for sale (FVOCI)   2,100,000  
Land   530,000  
Building   770,000  
Patents (net)   25,000  
Equipment   2,500,000  
Accumulated depreciation, equipment     1,200,000
Accumulated depreciation, building     300,000
Accounts payable     900,000
Accrued liabilities     300,000
Notes payable     600,000
Bond payable     1,100,000
Common shares     2,500,000
Accumulated other comprehensive income     245,000
Retained earnings     1,330,000
  $ 8,530,000   $ 8,530,000
Additional information as at December 31, 2021:
1.The inventory has a net realizable value of $1,350,000. The company uses FIFO method of inventory valuation.
2.Investments in available for sale securities (FVOCI) have a fair value of $2,250,000.
3.The company purchased patents of $60,000 on January 1, 2015.
4.Bonds are 8%, 25-year and pay interest annually each January 1, and are due December 31, 2030.
5.The 7%, notes payable represent bank loans that are secured by investments in available for sale securities (FVOCI) with a carrying value of $800,000. Interest is paid each December 31 and no principal is due until its maturity on April 30, 2022.
6.The capital structure for the common shares are # of authorized, 100,000 shares; issued and outstanding, 80,000 shares.
Required:
a.Prepare a classified statement of financial position as at December 31, 2021, in good form, including all required disclosures identified in Chapter 4.
b.Calculate the annual amortization for the patent.
c.Does this company follow IFRS or ASPE? Explain your answer.

 

Problem2.

Below are adjusted accounts and balances for Ace Retailing Ltd. for the year ended December 31, 2020: 

Cost of goods sold

750,000

Dividends declared (common shares)

245,000

Dividends declared (preferred shares)

82,000

Gain on disposal of discontinued J division

115,000

Gain on sale of FVNI investments

45,000

Interest income

15,000

Loss on impairment of goodwill

12,000

Loss due to warehouse fire

175,000

Loss from operation of discontinued J division

285,000

Loss on disposal of unused equipment from F division

82,000

Retained earnings, January 1, 2020

458,000

Sales revenue

1,500,000

Selling and administrative expenses

245,000

Unrealized gain on FVOCI investments (OCI)

18,600

Additional information:

  1. Ace decided to discontinue the J division operations. A formal plan to dispose of J division has been completed. There are no plans to dispose of F division at this time.
  2. During 2020, 400,000 common shares were outstanding with no shares activity for 2020.
  3. Ace's tax rate is 27%.
  4. Ace follows IFRS and accounts for its investments in accordance with IFRS 9 meaning that any unrealized gains/losses for FVNI are reported through net income and FVOCI are reported in OCI.

Required:

  1. Prepare a multiple-step statement of income for the year ended December 31, 2020, in good form reporting expenses by function.
  2. Prepare a combined statement of income and comprehensive income in good form reporting expenses by function.
  3. How would the answer in part (b) differ if a statement of comprehensive income were to be prepared without combining it with the statement of income?
  4. Prepare a single-step statement of income in good form reporting expenses by function.
  5. Explain what types of items are to be reported in other revenue and expenses as part of continuing operations, and provide examples for a retail business.

 

Problem3.

Below is the trial balance in no particular order for Hughey Ltd. as at December 31, 2021: 

Hughey Ltd.

Trial Balance

As at December 31, 2021

 

 

 

Debits

 

 

Credits

Cash

 

$

250,000

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

1,015,000

 

 

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

 

 

$

55,000

Prepaid rent

 

 

40,000

 

 

 

Inventory

 

 

1,300,000

 

 

 

Investments – available for sale (FVOCI)

 

 

2,100,000

 

 

 

Land

 

 

530,000

 

 

 

Building

 

 

770,000

 

 

 

Patents (net)

 

 

25,000

 

 

 

Equipment

 

 

2,500,000

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation, equipment

 

 

 

 

 

1,200,000

Accumulated depreciation, building

 

 

 

 

 

300,000

Accounts payable

 

 

 

 

 

900,000

Accrued liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

300,000

Notes payable

 

 

 

 

 

600,000

Bond payable

 

 

 

 

 

1,100,000

Common shares

 

 

 

 

 

2,500,000

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

245,000

Retained earnings

 

 

 

 

 

1,330,000

 

 

$

8,530,000

 

$

8,530,000

Additional information as at December 31, 2021:

  1. The inventory has a net realizable value of $1,350,000. The company uses FIFO method of inventory valuation.
  2. Investments in available for sale securities (FVOCI) have a fair value of $2,250,000.
  3. The company purchased patents of $60,000 on January 1, 2015.
  4. Bonds are 8%, 25-year and pay interest annually each January 1, and are due December 31, 2030.
  5. The 7%, notes payable represent bank loans that are secured by investments in available for sale securities (FVOCI) with a carrying value of $800,000. Interest is paid each December 31 and no principal is due until its maturity on April 30, 2022.
  6. The capital structure for the common shares are # of authorized, 100,000 shares; issued and outstanding, 80,000 shares.

Required:

  1. Prepare a classified statement of financial position as at December 31, 2021, in good form, including all required disclosures identified in Chapter 4.
  2. Calculate the annual amortization for the patent.
  3. Does this company follow IFRS or ASPE? Explain your answer.

 

source..
Content:


Managerial Accounting
Student’s Name:
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Problem 2
Part a.




ACE RETAILING LTD







MULTIPLE-STEP STATEMENT OF INCOME






FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31, DECEMBER 2020.













Sales






1,500,000



1,500,000

Cost of goods Sold

...
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