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Biological & Biomedical Sciences
Lab Report
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Regulation Of Other Hormones By The Pituitary Gland (Lab Report Sample)


Option #2: The Role of the Pituitary Gland in the Regulation of Other Hormones
The pituitary gland consists of two separate glands: the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary.
The purpose of this paper is to detail the role of the pituitary gland in the regulation of other hormones in the body. In your essay, provide a brief overview of the anatomy of the pituitary gland.
Describe the hormones that are released from each gland; explain what triggers the release of hormones; identify characteristics that they have in common; and classify which hormones are considered tropic hormones.
Summarize your information by explaining why the pituitary gland is commonly referred to as the “master gland,” and in what sense this may be misleading and incorrect.
Essay Requirements:
Your cohesive and well-organized essay should be at least 1-2 pages in length, double spaced.
Include at least one scholarly reference in addition to the course textbook. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these references.
Include a title page and a references page.
Follow the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA.


Regulation of Other Hormones by the Pituitary Gland

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Regulation of Other Hormones by the Pituitary Gland

The Pituitary Gland

The pituitary gland, which is also referred to as hypophysis, is a pea-sized endocrine gland weighing approximately 0.5 grams that are located below the hypothalamus gland, which synthesizes and/or secretes hormones that help regulate blood pressure, growth, metabolism, among other functions. It is surrounded by a bony cavity referred to as the sella turcica. Notably, the gland has two lobes which produce hormones, namely the posterior and anterior lobes. The posterior lobe that is also known as the neurohypophysis, while the anterior lobe is also known as adenohypophysis. The anterior pituitary lobe synthesizes various hormones in its different cell types. These hormones control various processes in the body such as stress, lactation, growth, and reproduction (Barkhoudarian & Kelly, 2017). The posterior lobe is connected to the hypothalamus via the pituitary stalk (infundibulum). Hormones released by the posterior pituitary gland are synthesized in the hypothalamus. The two lobes are connected by an intermediate lobe. Hypothalamic hormones control the synthesis and secretion of hormones by the two lobes of the pituitary. The hypothalamic hormones reach the anterior pituitary through the hypothalamic-hypophysial portal system (Tziaferi & Dattani, 2018).

Hormones Released by the Pituitary Gland

The anterior pituitary gland synthesizes and releases all the Releasing Hormones (RH) under the influence of hypothalamic hormones. The hormones released by the anterior pituitary can also be referred to as tropic hormones because they trigger other endocrine glands to grow and synthesize hormones of their own. The Human growth hormone (HGH) is released under the influence of the growth hormone-releasing hormone synthesized and secreted by the hypothalamus. The production of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) by the anterior pituitary gland is enthused by corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which is a hypothalamic hormone. The thyrotropin-releasing hor

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