Short Answer Assignment 4 Social Sciences Essay Paper (Essay Sample)
Read “Nicomachean Ethics” by Aristotle and “A Defense of Abortion” by J.J. Thomson
Answer the following questions:
1. What do you think Aristotle means when he says that "matters concerned with conduct and questions of what is good for us have no fixity"? Do you agree with this statement?
2. What advice does Aristotle give regarding how we should go about seeking the mean between extremes? Do you think this is good advice?
3. Thompson claims that the notion of a "right to life" cannot be interpreted as the right to the "bare minimum one needs for continued life." Why does she claim this? What, according to Thomson, does having a right to life amount to? Do you agree with her about this?
4. Why doesn't Thomson think that abortion always involves unjust killing? What does the justice of abortion depend on, according to Thomson?
All references must come from the text book
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Short Answer Assignment 4
In my opinion, what Aristotle means is that what is good and what is bad are not permanent things. As seen in his description of moral virtues, individuals have an intrinsic want to do the right thing (Shafer-Landau 92). Therefore, when they do the right thing, they are aware, and when they do the wrong thing, they are also aware. But that does not mean that right and wrong should be permanent. Some situations arise when one may do something that is deemed wrong but, in a situation, where it appears right. Therefore, I agree with Aristotle. There are several moments in life when one is faced with a moral dilemma. However, by being rational, one can identify circumstances that require one to compromise their moral ideals in favor of doing the right thing even if it may appear wrong.
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