Sign In
Not register? Register Now!
Essay Available:
Pages:
9 pages/≈2475 words
Sources:
6 Sources
Level:
MLA
Subject:
Social Sciences
Type:
Essay
Language:
English (U.S.)
Document:
MS Word
Date:
Total cost:
$ 38.88
Topic:

Changes in the Canadian Urban System (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
To the writers: Please follow the instruction to write a 9 pages long paper with the resources given below. Attached is the Statistics Canada (2008). 2006 Population and Dwelling Counts, Urban Areas and Designated Places. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. Please always contact me by email and let know the process of the paper. Thank you. The project: Changes in the Canadian Urban System The project background paper: http://www(dot)geog(dot)ubc(dot)ca/~ewyly/g350/cansystem.pdf For scholarly sources, track down the footnotes cited in the background paper, the references in Bunting & Filion or Knox & McCarthy, or consider these: http://www(dot)utoronto(dot)ca/isrn/publications/NatMeeting/NatSlides/Nat10/Papers/Session%20V%20ShearmurR_Growth%20in%20the%20Cdn%20Urban%20Sys%20II.pdf http://www(dot)springerlink(dot)com/content/3ph212u4517v6454/ http://onlinelibrary(dot)wiley(dot)com/doi/10.1111/j.1435-5957.2006.00024.x/full For local press coverage of your chosen cities and towns, try various keyword searches on one of these databases: http://www(dot)lexisnexis(dot)com/hottopics/lnacademic/? This is the instruction of the project: I would like you to undertake an analysis of changes in the Canadian urban system, using the dataset on population changes I used for this background paper. Use this background paper as one model for the kinds of simple calculations you can design to shed light on patterns of growth, stability, and decline. You should also consult Chapter 2 of the Bunting and Filion text, or Chapters 3 and 4 of the Knox and McCarthy text, for an extended discussion of theories of urban systems development and change. But use this background paper as a guide, not a straightjacket: be creative. In general, you will find it easier to tell an interesting story if you choose cities that are not at the very peak of the national urban system: if you do choose to focus on the largest cities, you should adopt a comparative perspective, to discuss (for example) the causes and consequences of the contemporary historical competition between Montreal and Toronto, or the rise of Calgary and Edmonton to rival, in their own distinctive ways, the urban centrality of Toronto and Montreal. The story is very hard to tell if you focus solely on one large city, because over a five-year period it is very unlikely that a large city will deviate too far from the national growth trend. For big cities, the growth quotients tend to be more moderate; smaller places are more likely to have growth quotients that are extremely high or extremely low. You have several options for designing an interesting study. First, you could analyze how the trends in 2001 to 2006 compared with earlier trends, as described in Bunting and Filion's Chapter 2 of Canadian Cities in Transition. What places have reversed decline, or have stagnated after substantial growth in earlier periods? Second, you could define a particular geographic region and narrow your focus to the urban areas and designated places within that region. Are all the places in your region experiencing the same kinds of growth trajectories? Or do you see a pattern of regional restructuring, with a number of smaller settlements stagnating or losing population while one city becomes the dominant regional center for economic growth, shopping and cultural opportunities? Third, you could identify a small number of individual communities that seem to have distinctive profiles in the population data – very high or very low growth quotients, or a very large share of what the StatsCan folks call ‘temporary or foreignoccupied dwellings.' (Take a look at the row for Whistler in the data worksheet.) What makes these places distinctive, and what are the implications of their growth trajectories? There are certainly other options; the main point is to think creatively about how to tell a geographical narrative about recent changes in population and urban settlement. Regardless of which path you choose, you should begin by reviewing the class outline on urban systems, and Bunting and Filion's chapter.You should then undertake a preliminary exploration of the data, which are provided in a simple Excel worksheet on the course website; you'll be able to see some of the calculations and simple tools I used to prepare the tables and figures for this background paper. Then you should undertake a search for additional materials to help you describe, interpret, and explain what is happening in different parts of the urban system – just like the short literature search I did to find articles documenting Prince Rupert's If you purchased the Knox and McCarthy text, skim through Chapters 3 and 4, and then, for more explicit Canadian perspectives, see Jim Simmons and Larry S. Bourne (2003). The Canadian Urban System, 1971-2001: Responses to a Changing World. Bulletin 18. Toronto: Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto. growth and decline at various points in time. Search for academic articles in refereed journals, as well as reports by municipal, provincial, or federal government sources. You may also track down local newspaper accounts to describe community reactions to growth and decline -- which often appear as soon as the latest Census data are released. I recommend Canadian Newsstand, or Lexis-Nexis, for these kinds of media searches. Finally, you should draft a paper presenting your findings and interpretations. source..
Content:
NAME
PROFESSOR
COURSE/SUBJECT
DATE
Canadian urban system: Changes and trends towards new urban trajectories
Introduction
The advent of the 21st century saw the rapid urbanization in most of Canada`s regions where economic, political and cultural activities have become largely concentrated on a few major cities and emerging urban systems. This paper will analyze how the trends in population growth, stability and decline have become functions of Canadian urban systems. This will look at the population data of the twenty major geographical centers in the country from Stats Can. Moreover, the paper will also concentrate on a particular geographic region - that of Ontario - to ascertain whether certain patterns are emerging. The analysis will be guided by previous literatures on Canadian urban systems. The underlying objective of this paper is to present a geographical narrative regarding the changes that have occurred in population and urban settlement during the early years of the 21st century.
Urbanization and urban systems in Canada
The period between 2001 and 2006 has seen Canada`s population increase by 1.6 million, or a growth rate of 5.3%, to almost 31.6 million (Wyly, 2011 2). But almost half of the increase in population took place in large urban areas namely, Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, and Edmonton (Wyly, 2011 2). However, the concentrated growth of Canadian population implies significant variations for there is a diversity of growth and decline that happened beyond that of the major urban centers in the country. Elvin Wyly said that aside from the six large-city regions, there are about 895 areas and 1,289 "designated areas" that can still be considered small communities (2011 2). The population of these communities can account for the vast majority of the country`s population. The data provided by Stats Can will provide us an opportunity to explore the different parts of the Canadian urban system.
An urban system is "a set of interdependent urban places… articulated into a working system through networks along which goods, services, ideas, capital and labor flow" (Wyly, 2011, 2). In another definition, an urban system is a "set of cities in a given region or country that share certain attributes and are abound together by formal and informal linkages, by flows of people, goods and ideas, as well as by social norms and values and that as a result and in varying degrees, function as an integrated system" (Bourne and Flowers, 1996 2). Generally, these systems have become concentrated major cities creating an urban hierarchy where these cities sit atop the "planetary network of world cities." However, these systems resulted to the polarization of core urban cities against peripheral regional centers.
Global changes in economic and political arenas lead to profound changes to urban systems and Canada is not an exemption. Larry Bourne said that there are three ways to analyze the present situation...
Get the Whole Paper!
Not exactly what you need?
Do you need a custom essay? Order right now:

Other Topics:

HIRE A WRITER FROM $11.95 / PAGE
ORDER WITH 15% DISCOUNT!