Why Are Women Recruited Into “World Market Factories”? (Essay Sample)
1. Why, according to Elson and Pearson, are women recruited into “world market factories”? [3 reasons]
2. Explain Elson and Pearson's subordination thesis.
3. What do these two authors mean by the “dialectic of capital and gender”? Give an example.
4. Elson and Pearson present a critique of both economic theories and the WID (women-in-development) perspective. What are their points of contention with each? Is their critique justified?
5. To what extent has the subordination thesis articulated by Elson and Pearson in 1981 been borne out or challenged by more recent experiences of women in the export manufacturing sector?
a) In Malaysia, based on Amriah Buang's discussion of ‘factory women' in Permatang Pauh.
b) In South Korea, based on Kim and Voos analysis of ‘working women' during the Korean Economic Crisis.
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March 27, 2018
1 Why, according to Elson and Pearson, are women recruited into “world market factories”?
1 The reason why women (particularly oriental women) are recruited into the world market factories is their ability to produce through cheap labor. More particularly, the women from Third-world countries are well known for their manual dexterity, that is, she can work quickly and carefully.
2 Explain Elson and Pearson's subordination thesis.
2 Elson and Pearson's Subordination thesis shows how women becomes undermined by the very system that employs labor. On one hand, it was said that since women are, for the most part, caretakers of the household the time that they devote to learning new skills are limited. On the other hand, however, this lack in training relegates the positions given to women as “unskilled” or “semi-skilled” as compared to the skilled ones handled by men. All in all, this results in the lower wage for women, more strenuous work, and low job-security.
3 What do these two authors mean by the “dialectic of capital and gender”? Give an example.
3 According to them, the dialectic of capital and gender refers to the “tendency to intensify the existing forms of gender subordination, a tendency to decompose existing forms of gender subordination, and a tendency to recompose new forms of gender subordination”. A good examples of this would be the duality that being a women needs to fulfill as a ‘women' and as a ‘worker'. On one hand, wo
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