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3 pages/≈825 words
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MLA
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Literature & Language
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English (U.S.)
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Novel 1984 By Winston: Series Of Questions (Essay Sample)

Instructions:

Purpose: In lieu of a single-topic, formal essay for Orwell’s 1984, you will complete this series of questions, providing each with an insightful and thorough response.

Guidelines:

  • MLA format including a works cited page
  • Quotes! Since each response is essentially a short “essay,” supporting evidence from the text is required.
  • Submission to TURNITIN

Questions:

1) First, explain in general terms how the setting of the novel establishes the mood, keeping in mind that mood is not the same as tone. Then, describe the setting of each of the following, and the mood that each creates: a) Winston’s apartment, b) Winston’s workplace, c) the apartment that Winston rents for his trysts with Julia (Charrington’s shop), d) the depths of the Ministry of Love where Winston is “rehabilitated.”

2) Describe the visual, auditory, olfactory (smell), and other imagery employed by Orwell in defining the setting of each of the above locations.

3) Explain the manner in which the INGSOC government asserts a) psychological, b) emotional, and c) physical control over its subjects.

4) Explain the forms of paradox that appear in the story, and be sure to include “Newspeak,” “doublethink,” and “crimestop” with your other examples.

5) Why is the Ministry of Truth so intent on reforming the English language (“Newspeak”); i.e. removing synonyms, making words monosyllabic, etc.?

6) What parallels can be drawn between the use of technology by the INGSOC government and the current societal dependence on technology with its potential for abuse and expanded control by governments? Is “fake news” the modern version of “doublethink” and a potential harbinger of “thoughtcrime”?

7) The novel, 1984, has been described as a “brilliant and timeless socio-political treatise.”  What, precisely, is Orwell’s commentary or warning in this dystopian work? To what extent do you agree or disagree with the aforementioned quotation?

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1984
In the novel 1984 Winston lives on the seventh floor and there is television that dominates the room, placed on the opposite side of the wall (Maguire). The device is used to monitor the subjects and this creates an angry mood. Winston works at the ministry of truth and this gives a depressive mood relative to the fact that he is forced to lie to the people about the Party. The apartment at Charrington is much better than what he had before which gives a relaxed mood and an element of happiness ("Ministry Of Truth"). At the ministry of love nothing changed much; ‘Their real weapon was the merciless questioning that went on and on, hour after hour, tripping him up, laying traps for him, twisting everything that he said, convicting him at every step of lies and self-contradiction until he began weeping as much from shame as from nervous fatigue.' (Orwell) At the ministry of love, Winston is faced with a sad mood from the experiences (Guo). ‘The beatings grew less frequent, and became mainly a threat, a horror to which he could be sent back at any moment when his answers were unsatisfactory.' (Orwell)
At the Winston apartment on the seventh floor, there is a strong smell of boiled cabbage and even rag mat. ‘The hallway smelt of boiled cabbage and old rag mats.' The room was also dingy and intimidating. ‘BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption beneath it ran.' (Orwell) On the other hand, the ministry of love is masked with the strong smell of cold sweat. The Charrington is also seen to have more space compare to the previous one (Oliver).
The INGSOC government is controlling the people in reference to their psychology, such as the fact that they being monitored. The sought after power by all means. ‘The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power.' (Orwell) Emotionally the government controls through turning the families from their members. Physically, the government uses prisons and beating to put in line the citizens. ‘They slapped his face, wrung his ears, pulled his hair, made him stand on one leg, refused him leave to urinate, shone glaring lights in his face until his eyes ran with water; but the aim of this was simply to humiliate him and destroy his power of arguing and reasoning.' (Orwell)
The newspeak was the official language that was being used in Oceania and was developed with the purpose of meeting the needs of INGSOC with reference to English socialism. ‘Party, he was demanding the immediate conclusion of peace with Eurasia, he was advocating freedom of speech, freedom of the Press, freedom of assembly, freedom of thought, he was crying hysterically that the revolution had been betrayed -- and all this in rapid polysyllabic speech which was a sort of parody of the habitual style of the orators of the Party, and even contained Newspeak words: more Newspeak words, indeed, than any Party member would normally use in real life.' (Orwell) While people were expected to use the language to communicate, it was of limited vocabulary and restricted grammar and even the freedom of thought. ‘The dark-haired girl behind Winston had begun crying out 'Swine! Swine! Swine!' and suddenly she picked up a heavy Newspeak

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