Development Of Nuclear Energy For Commercial Use (Essay Sample)
Introduction: 2 pages, Major Argument: 3-4 pages, counter argument :2- 3 pages, conclusion: 1-2 pages
My major argument: it is not justified to develop nuclear energy for commercial use now
Background of my own argument: Xiao, Qunying, Liu, Huijun, Feldman, Marcus W. "How Does Trust Affect Acceptance of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP)
History: Parsons, R. M. "History of Technology Policy—Commercial Nuclear Power." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education & Practice, vol. 121, no. 2, Apr. 1995, p. 85 - 98.
Major Argument use: 1. Diesendorf, Mark. "Is Nuclear Energy a Possible Solution to Global Warming?" Social Alternatives, vol. 26, no. 2, 2007 Second Quarter, p. 8 - 11
2. Cameron, Ron. "Green Nuclear?" TCE: The Chemical Engineer, no. 849, Mar. 2012, pp. 36-39.
3. Lowe, Ian. "Can Nuclear Energy Power the Developing World?" Social Alternatives, vol. 26, no. 2, 2007 Second Quarter, pp. 18-21.
Counter Argument: 1.Jerry M. and Myron Pollycove. "Nuclear Energy and Health: And the Benefits of Low-Dose Radiation Hormesis." Dose-Response, vol. 7, no. 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 52-89.
2. MacFarlane, Allison. "Nuclear Power – a Panacea for Future Energy Needs?" Environment, vol. 52, no. 2, Feb. 2010, pp. 34-46.
3. Kuo, Gioietta. "Nuclear Energy After Fukushima." World Future Review (World Future Society), vol. 3, no. 4, Winter2011, pp. 35-37.
Development of Nuclear Energy for Commercial Use
In the recent past, some prominent environmental advocates have become advocates for nuclear power. People and organizations who once opposed nuclear power initiatives seem to have gradually changed their minds over time. Similar observations can be witnessed with the increasing number of countries that have implemented or are in the process of initiating nuclear power programs in the past few years. Most of the significant parties in nuclear energy have softened their attitudes and are now debating on whether nuclear energy should be developed for commercial purposes. But this comes alongside a tension in the environmental movement on whether nuclear energy could offer long-term solutions for climate change as a low-carbon energy source. A section of the debate focuses on the economic aspects of nuclear power with concerns about whether it will be brought into use at the expense of other sources of energy in the energy sector. The debate also questions whether energy infrastructure should be subsidized at all and whether the construction of new nuclear plants is worth the effort. Historically, nuclear power has been a suspicious issue with an allegation of high risks of health hazards and other life-threatening issues. Therefore, there are those who support the development of nuclear energy for commercial use today and those who feel that it is not a good time to develop nuclear energy for commercial use.
The nuclear energy industry and governments have come out clear and open about nuclear installation policies. For example, Parsons (85) presents a case about the history of developing the United States nuclear energy policy and how the policy facilitated the development of nuclear energy in the U.S. and in other nations across the globe. According to the case history, countries use such industrial policies to protect and support their important industries as a way of enhancing their international competitiveness. In the United States, the use of nuclear power for commercial purposes began as early as in the 1950s after the creation of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) through the Atomic Energy Act of 1946. Among the six experimental reactors sponsored by the AEC is the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR) which generated its first electrical power on December 20, 1951(Parsons 86). At the same time, the AEC announced its aspiration on constructing its first large-scale reactor for electricity generating purpose, a move that revolutionized the industry. As a result, several other developed countries including USSR and Great Britain began their first attempts at developing nuclear energy. The achievements of AEC in nuclear power helped the U.S. in the aspects of national security and foreign policy in the development of nuclear energy programs in other countries and helped the electric utility industry meet increasing electrical demand in the country. However, the nuclear energy policy led to the growth of a national environmental movement that reversed the achievement of the policy(Parsons 88). Such environmental movements raised various concerns about the negative consequences of commercializing nuclear power and resulted in the imposition of stricter policies and regulation, but public support for commercial nuclear power plants continued to decline.
The U.S. nuclear power policy proves that the development of nuclear energy for commercial purposes needs the support of industrial policies and technological development. Besides that, a survey carried out by Xiao, Huijun, and Marcus (14) show that trust has a positive impact on the public's perception of the value of nuclear technology and nuclear energy construction. In spite of that relationship,...
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