Descartes & Aristotle: Psychology (Essay Sample)
How would Descartes respond to Aristotle’s claim that the essence of the human being is a ‘rational animal?’ Why? Does this disagreement influence how both thinkers understand the relationship between body and mind?
Each assignment should be around 1 page double-spaced, times new roman, 12pt font. Check for grammar and spelling. Answer the question directly and get right to it. Cite the relevant texts from class where appropriate. I expect at least one or two citations per assignment.
Descartes & Aristotle
Aristotle held the belief that man is a rational animal, there was a tendency to see animals as species that lacks rationality. In his observation, he describes human as the rational animal hence he confirms that there are no other species is rational. To Aristotle rationality is what makes man different from other animals. Descartes would reject this Aristotelian psychology to go to his more scientific notion where he claims that the body is controlled by a spiritual, immortal soul and mind. Descartes claims that the soul operates through the pineal gland that is placed in the brain cavity and it is principally
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