Higher Education Components: Is The Cost Of Higher Education Too High (Essay Sample)
comparative analysis.gifUse the exercise to finish the Paper I: Comparative AnalysisPurpose and DescriptionThe ability to analyze texts rhetorically will be fundamental to your success as writers and, more generally, as individuals who can engage critically with ideas and arguments. With these ends in mind, your aim in this assignment will be to 1) learn strategies for analysis and apply them toward essays related to the course theme; and 2) construct an argument that develops a rhetorical stance in relation to the essays you have analyzed. The instructions described below are designed to guide you through this process.Invention & InquiryConsider the following as you develop the first draft of your paper:Read and annotate two essays assigned by the course instructor;Analyze each essay according to methods taken from Chapter 2 in IAW;Identify each author's central claim and how he or she supports it (e.g., by citing other authors, by narrating experience, by including evidence he or she gathered through research);Draft a thesis statement that positions yourself (i.e., takes a rhetorical stance) in relation to the arguments you have analyzed. The general idea here is to acknowledge existing research but also to contribute something new to the conversation you are looking to join.
The Composing Process
Academic research writing takes many forms. For this assignment, however, you will adopt a common organizational structure. Specifically, you should introduce your subject and state your thesis, offer some context for your analysis, present your analysis, come to a general resolution that balances the perspectives you have analyzed and reinforces your thesis, and conclude the paper by pointing toward additional research that should or needs to be undertaken. Consider the following as you structure and draft your paper:
Introduction (designed to frame your paper)
Thematic Context (designed to build on Exercise I)
Rhetorical Analysis (designed to focus on 2 comparable sources)
Resolution of Perspectives (designed to reinforce your thesis)
Conclusion & Directions (designed to gesture toward future action)
Your paper should:
Analyze two essays related to the course theme;
Develop a compelling thesis based on methodical analysis;
Have a well-defined and coherent organizational structure;
Be written in a clear, precise, and active prose style;
Cite sources correctly using appropriate citation style (MLA or APA);
Include a title that reflects the spirit and scope of your paper;
Be 4-5 pages in length (double-spaced, one-inch margins, 12 point Times New Roman or Garamond typeface);
Be uploaded to Canvas as a Word document by the deadline (consult your course syllabus and schedule for details).
The process of initiating a research project and building new knowledge requires us, first, to recognize different perspectives, and second, to offer something new to our audience based on our own research, analysis, experience, and insights. Keep these principles in mind as you undertake your analysis and develop an argument you can continue to build as we transition into Project II. Please write or stop by my office (or both) if you have questions about this assignment or anything else related to the course.
Is the Cost of Higher Education too high?
A major aspect that dominates higher education debate today is the cost. The costs that have been increasing with time are a source of worry for students and families as they threaten their current and future living standards. With the costs increasing, families are left with little money to cover other important expenses. As for students, there is the debate of whether the benefits that come with higher education outweigh the costs. The cost of higher education is thus an issue that requires more analysis. On the surface, it is arguable that higher education helps in career preparation, personal development, civic engagement, among other benefits. However, the rising costs still remain a challenge. This paper argues that while the costs of higher education have increased, it has not reached a point where they outweigh the benefits.
Components of Higher Education Costs
Before dwelling further into other related aspects, it is significant to understand what specifically constitutes the costs of higher education. Dr. Bruce Johnstone examines the various components that make up the higher education costs. According to the author, the first category is the basic instruction costs and includes capital and locational costs, staff and faculty salaries, administrative costs, equipment, library, and basic computing costs (Johnstone). As seen, these are the basic costs without which the institution of higher education cannot carry out its basic function. As pointed out by Johnstone, these costs allow the institutions to undertake their mission of teaching and financing basic research that they are expected to do in the absence of special contracts or grants. The second category, according to the author, covers the costs associated with sponsored research. As informed by Johnstone, these costs are high and should not affect the ability of the institution to carry out its basic mission of teaching and scholarship. The costs of sponsored research, therefore, should be covered by the sponsor. In the case of cessation of the sponsored activity, the institution ought not to finance an alternative activity because the revenue would have been lost. The costs associated with student living such as entertainment, clothing, and room make up the third category. This cost varies depending on where the student lives. These are the major categories of the costs associated with higher education.
Rising Higher Education Costs
Perhaps the most significant issue in the cost of higher education is the fact that it is rising. It is interesting to note that the rise is higher than inflation. Schoen gives the example of Harvard University whose current annual tuition fees ($45,278) are 17 times higher than it was in 1971-1972. If the change in the costs of higher education in the institution had followed the rate of inflation, the current tuition fees would have been $15,189 (Schoen). As informed by Schoen, the rise of costs of higher education is about 6% higher than the rise of the inflation rate. The rise in the cost of education is compared with an inflation rate because inflation determines the supply of money in the economy. In this case, with inflation growing at a slower rate, it means families are spending a higher portion of their income on higher education than they did in the past. The fact that higher education cost continues to rise (Selingo) at a higher rate compared to inflation means that it may reach a point where the majority of families will be completely incapable of covering it. However, as informed by Schoen, many families believe that college graduates earn more compared to those with a highschool diploma. While this is true, it ...
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