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Should We Condemn The Peacemakers Of 1919? (Essay Sample)


In this assignment, you are to compare two historians' arguments assessing the actions of the three main peacemakers at Versailles. As you will see, David A. Andelman and Margaret Macmillan judge the actions of the peacemakers very differently. To complete this assessment you must respond to the following question:
Should we condemn the peacemakers of 1919 for producing a peace settlement that failed to prevent future conflicts, including the Second World War?
In answering this question you need to explain Andelman's and Macmillan's different arguments and take a view on whose argument you find more persuasive. You will need to justify your position by examining the reasoning and evidence Andelman and Macmillan each provide.
The piece by Alan Sharp should assist you in clarifying the differences between Andelman and Macmillan, but it is not necessary to go beyond these three readings to complete the essay. Please note especially that you are not to use internet resources unless accessed through the Deakin Library website.
Your historiographical exercise must take the format of a short essay. You must footnote your essay using the Oxford referencing system. This is the subject of your first quiz, which needs to be completed before submitting this essay.
You must include a bibliography at the end of your essay, listing alphabetically all the sources you have cited.


Should we condemn the peacemakers of 1919 for producing a peace settlement that failed to prevent future conflicts, including the Second World War?
The First World War left its mark in the world which can still be felt today. Many speculate and adamantly profess that the main reason why World War I left and is still leaving a bloody stain on our history is because of the failure of the peacemakers of 1919 to draw a favorable and long-lasting solution to the skirmish between the nations.
Two historians, David Andelman and Margaret Macmillan offer two different takes on how the actions and decisions of the peacemakers of 1919 at the peace conference held in Versailles, France affected the course of the political and social workings of the nations that survived the war as well as the surrounding nations. The two historians delved into the premise and workings of the decisions finalized by those three key peacemakers and examined if they have established stable solutions to restore order or they may have sowed the grounds for the Second World War and all other future conflicts, by extension.
In his, work Andelman focused on the postcolonial nations that attended the Paris conference. These nations were drawn by Woodrow Wilson's talk on the importance of self-determination and moral responsibility in dealing with international affairs. However, this was then debunked by the traditional ideals of the leaders of the Allied Forces. Andelman pointed out that as the leaders of the four victor countries, Italy, France, Britain, and the United States debated and toyed with the nations left behind by the war, they neglected to think about the those who were disdained and ignored in the peace talks. 1 The four peacemakers neglected to consider the future repercussion of their decisions and actions. They did not have the hindsight to expect that the descendants of those weaker nations would wreak havoc on the following years as retribution of their ancestor's plight. Those descendants became state politicians, became diplomats, presidents. They became people who can sway their nations and shape them according to their ideals.
There have been a lot of peace talks and conference following the 1919 event but none of them were as decisive and has caused devastating effects as that of the one in Versailles decades ago. To this day, we can still feel the resounding reverberation of that failed attempt at order and peace by the three peacemakers of 1919. Andelman, in his analysis, pointed this out clearly and vehemently.
In contrary, Macmillan provides her insight on the 1919 peace talk and how it shaped the nations to

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