Othering: Ethnicity, Religion, and Race in Nation Building. History 408: Modern Europe Source Synthesis Paper 2Due Monday, November 18th online through Blackboard (Essay Sample)
Please read the prompt carefully and choose 3 or 4 sources from what I upload. Also, please try not to analyze sources seperately. Focus on the connection of sources you choose.
History 408: Modern Europe Source Synthesis Paper 2Due Monday, November 18th online through Blackboard
One of the best tools for a historian is materials produced by individuals who lived through the period that is being studied. You will be responsible for writing two (2) papers during the course of the semester in which you use primary documents to learn about the society that produced them. For the purpose of these papers, you may only use the primary sources assigned for the course and information gained from the course lectures in your writing. With the exception of looking up basic facts about the authors of the sources (i.e. birthplace, occupation, socio-economic background, and so forth), do not use any outside sources. Any sort of analysis that is drawn from outside sources—or anyone besides yourself, for that matter—will result in an F.
You will choose a total of 3-4 sources from the assigned readings so far. You will then choose 1 course theme to which you want to relate these themes. Please see the end of this document of a list of all possible sources and course themes.
When reading the documents, keep in mind you are writing about how the society/culture that produced the document views your chosen topic, not simply what the document is about. In other words, the point of the assignment is to analyze the sources, not just summarize them. When writing make sure you are thinking about these questions: What society produced this document? How does this document help you better understand the society that produced it?
The purpose of this assignment is twofold: first, you must succinctly summarize and synthesize your sources. The most import aspect of this portion is to not only recite what the sources say but to relate how they speak to one another. Consider these sorts of questions when writing your synthesis portion: where do they agree or disagree? How do they defend their arguments or what sorts of evidence to they employ compared to one another? Who is the author of this piece, and how might this affect their viewpoints?
Secondly, you need to explicitly relate these sources to one of the major course themes of your choice. For this section, consider the sources as a whole. How do these sources, as a whole, embody, relate to, and/or reflect the selected course theme? How does the course theme help us better understand these documents? What do these sources reveal about this larger theme in human history? Put simply, you need to analyze the sources through the lenses of their corresponding course theme.
For the purpose of this course, I only require that you have in-text, parenthetical citations. Please include the last name of the author (or if the author is unknown, the first 3 words of the title) and the page number (if no page number is available, cite the line number or image number).
For example, citing a section of Joseph de Maistre’s, “Essay on the Generative Principles of Constitutions” on page 3 should look like this: (de Maistre 3).
You must cite your sources whether or not you are directly quoting or paraphrasing the work. If it is not original analysis of the source but rather a reference to the source, you must cite that line or lines.
Submission and Formatting
Only papers submitted through the course Blackboard site will be accepted. Papers must be formatted in 12 point font, Times New Roman, and double spaced, and they must be between 4 and 5 pages in length. Correct spelling and the proper use of the English language is required. I will be grading you on content, spelling and grammar. At the top of your paper, include your name and course number. Your file must be named in the following manner: “Last Name_First Name_SSPaper1.doc”
Papers will only be accepted up to one week after their due date. After that time a score of 0 will be assigned. Up until that point, there will be a one-third letter grade deduction per day.
Choose 3-4 sources from the following list:
- Rudyard Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden” - John Stuart Mill, “On Colonies and Colonization” - Josiah Clark Nott, selections from “Comparative Anatomy of Races” in Types of Mankind- C. G. Seligman, selections from Chapters 5 and 7 of Races of Africa - Edward Morel, “The Black Man’s BurdenAlexandros Ypsilantis, “Fight for Faith and Motherland” - “The Holy Synod Anathematises the Philiki Etairia, March 1821”- Josip Juraj Strossmayer, selections from “Letter of Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer to Mr. William E. Gladstone, October 1, 1876” - M. Edith Durham, selections from The Burden of the Balkans- Rupert Brooke, “The Soldier”- Wilfred Owen, “Dulce Et Decorum Est” - J.M. Keynes, “Am I a Liberal?”- J. V. Stalin, “The Socialist Drive” - Benito Mussolini, “What is Fascism?”- Adolf Hitler, selections from Mein Kampf- Rudolf Hoess, “Commandant at Auschwitz: Testimony at Nuremburg, 1946” - Heinrich Himmler, “On Homosexuals” - Pierre Seel, “The Death of His Lover” - Tominaga Shozo, “Qualifying as a Leader,” Japan at War: An Oral History, ed. Harauko Taya Cook and Theodore F. Cook - Tanisuga Shizou, “Gas Soldier,” Japan at War: An Oral History, ed. Harauko Taya Cook and Theodore F. Cook- Kurt Vonnegut, selections from Slaughterhouse Five- Excluded sources o F.D. Lugard, “The Rise of Our East African Empire”o Vittorio Emanuele I, “Speech on opening the Chambers, 1861” o J.M. Keynes, “Am I a Liberal?”
Choose 1 course theme from the following list:
- Othering: Ethnicity, Religion, and Race in Nation Building- Moral Philosophy of Economics: Capitalism, Socialism, and Revolutionary Labor - Political Philosophy: Power to the People, But Who Are the People, Anyway? - Gender and Sexuality: Women and Sexual Minorities in European Society - Religion and the State: Christianity, Secularism, and Minority Religions in European Society
Othering: Ethnicity, Religion, and Race in Nation Building
Ethnicity, religion, and race had very important denotations in the colonial period mainly for differentiation, subordination and domination. They determined the effect of rule and the direction of power between parties sending diverse implications for them in terms of methods, effects and ways of governance. Various historical texts show how othering was used especially in the colonial and post-colonial periods and what it meant for the ethnicity, religion, and race involved. History has for a long time victimized the inferior minority in the name of empowering and offering civilization. To show this analysis, this paper looks at; ‘The White Man’s Burden’ by Rudyard Kipling, ‘The Black Man’s Burden’ by Edward Morel and ‘The Letter of Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer to Mr. William E. Gladstone’ as our main texts for the task.
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