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Colonial Rule And Nationalism In The Middle East (Essay Sample)


Describe the relationship between colonial rule and nationalism in the Middle East from the pre-WWI to a post-World War 2 time period and on the Indian sub-continent, particularly in the period of the 1930s and 1940s.
You will want to focus primarily on Britain as the colonial ruler in the Middle East (Palestine, Egypt) and India. (Consider looking up/researching Gandhi, Indian nationalism, Palestine in particular.)
Your response should include the Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916), the Balfour Declaration (1917), the McMahon Letters (1918), the Treaty of Sevres (1920) and the Salt March (1930).
Please include a Works Cited page with this assignment.
*Please use only online sources for research and reference that I can access and, please do not cite in text*


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Colonial Rule and Nationalism in the Middle East
The history of the Great War allows us to understand how the violence of the past brought changes in the Middle East. After World War I, the losses in this part took a serious form: the lands were occupied by superpowers, the society and economy were destroyed, and people were killed in a large number. In this way, the experiences of World War I in the Middle East are perhaps more akin to the experiences of World War 2 all over the world. The social, psychological and economic effects were devastating and deep. The 18th and 19th centuries were the seedtimes of colonial rule and nationalism in the Middle East. The region's linguistic, religious and geographic heterogeneity provided the basis for numerous competing nationalist movements. Colonialism is the policy of a state looking to retain or extend its authority and dominance over other territories, with the aim of exploiting or developing them and allowing them to modernize in terms of religion, health, and economics. The Middle East colonial era spanned from the 15th century to 18th century when modern Saudi Arabia and other states established their own colonies outside the UAE.
It should be noticed that nationalism is a social, economic and political system characterized by maintaining and gaining self-governance. As compared to colonialism, nationalism aims to provide freedom to the people and allows them to live their lives according to their own rules and regulations. It is further oriented towards developing national identities based on similarities such as race, political goals, culture, religion, and language. Unlike colonialism, nationalism involves a sense of satisfaction and pride in a nation's achievements and is directly linked to the concepts of patriotism. In the 19th century, nationalism was not being supported everywhere and the Middle East tried to dominate the world through power and wealth. However, the trend has been changed nowadays, and the nations are free to set their own terms. Nationalism is given far more importance than colonialism and does not distinguish people on the basis of their religion, race, background, and language.
During 17th and 18t

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