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History
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“Land, Growth, and Justice: The Removal of the Cherokees” (Chapter 6) in William Bruce Wheeler and Susan Becker, Discovering the American Past: A Look at the Evidence. (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
BEFORE YOU START ON THIS PAPER, I WANT TO TELL YOU THAT THE ONLY SOURCE YOU CAN USE IS FROM THIS BOOK: Wheeler and Becker, eds., Discovering the American Past, (Cengage Learning, 2007), 75. Ch. 6 “THIS IS THE ONLY SOURCE YOU CAN USE!!! PERIOD!!! Prompt: The forced Cherokee Indian Removal brought to an end a long debate within the United States. “As white populations mushroomed and settlements moved ever westward, the question of how to deal with Native Americans came up again and again, especially when Native American peoples refused to sell or give their lands to whites by treaty.” By 1828, three key events brought significant challenges to the Cherokee ability to remain on their homeland. First, the discovery of gold brought a flood of white settlers onto Cherokee lands. Second, Andrew Jackson's position on Indian removal was well known and his presidential victory meant new pressure on Indians to remove. Third, Georgia passed new legislation that extended its jurisdiction over all Cherokee territory within Georgia's borders. As removal pressure on Indians mounted, both whites and natives divided on the best solution to the problem. Some whites supported removal, while others opposed it. At the same time, natives could not agree on a united response to the increased white pressure. After reading all of the evidence, write a 4-6 page paper that argues whether or not the Cherokee should have been removed. (In other words, do you think the Cherokee should have been removed or should they have been permitted to remain on their land? Explain why. You will not be thought of as a “bad” person if you think the Cherokee should have been removed- just back it up with the evidence.) In addition, explain why the Cherokee were not united in their position. Your paper must have an argument that clearly explains your position. You must also underline that argument. If you cannot clearly explain your position, and underline that argument. Your paper will be penalized if you do not underline your argument. Your paper must cite at least four pieces of evidence. You must use a mix of White sources and Cherokee sources. You may use information from the “Background” section of the chapter, but your evidence must come from the “Evidence” section of the chapter. Use of ANY OUTSIDE SOURCES (NOT in DTAP chapter 6 sources) WILL RESULT IN AN F. Citations must be in the form of a footnote/endnote (as included in paragraph one, above)- parenthetical reference citations will be penalized. (Your citation should include the name of your source and if they are a white or Cherokee source: “Excerpt from President Andrew Jackson's First Annual Message to Congress, December 8, 1829” white source, for example) Your paper must be 12 pt font, Times New Roman, and double-spaced. source..
Content:
[Author’s name] [Professor’s name] [Institution’s name] [Date] Land, Growth, and Justice: The Removal of the Cherokees In 1838-39 U.S. troops, ordered by the state of Georgia, expelled the Cherokees from their hereditary motherland in the Southeast and removed them to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. The demand for arable land during the rapid growth in the southeast led to the removal of the Cherokees along with the discovery of gold on Cherokee land. Of course, the racial prejudice that many white southerners harboured toward American Indians was as always. Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837). Perhaps the most controversial element of Jackson's presidency was his strategy regarding Cherokees, which involved the ethnic cleansing of several Indian tribes. Jackson was a great supporter of a policy known as Indian removal. Removal of Cherokees was also known as the ‘trail of tears’ was one of the saddest events in the history of United States, whereby thousands of Cherokees were legally evicted from Georgia and were forced to march across the nation in search of a new home. Many tribes and portions of tribes had been removed to Arkansas Territory and further west of the Mississippi River and they suffered great losses and it was a major tragedy. So I believe that they should not have been expelled and the following argument approves it. (Wheeler & Becker. Pp. 55-68). The Cherokee government had maintained that they were a separate nation and not under the control of American government. Strong evidence is provided by the Treaty of Hopewell (1785), which established legitimate borders between the United States and the Cherokee Nation, offered the Cherokees the right to send a "deputy" to Congress, and made white settlers in Cherokee territory subject to Cherokee law. They were not really as barbaric and savage as they were usually portrayed by the general American population, in fact they had adopted very European ideology, traditions and customs. However, discovery of gold near Dahlonega, Georgia; which had caused a major frenzy throughout the nation and many people started to trespass into Cherokee territory. This was the first ‘Gold rush’ in U.S history and had put significant amount of pressure on authorities to drive the Cherokee out. Jackson had a very controversial role by advocating Indian removal from the region and negotiating eviction treaties. He used the various disputes over land and other regions in order to coerce the Cherokees to move down to the w...
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