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Biological & Biomedical Sciences
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The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004 Biological & Biomedical Essay (Essay Sample)


SCI 362 - Nobel Prize in Biological Sciences (Instructor: Prof. Qin Leng)
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Term Paper Guidelines
A final term paper, a review paper of your scientist (the Nobel Prize laureate of the panel
that you co-organize), will serve as the final exam of this course. The paper will constitute
30%, i.e., 30 points (pts), of your final grade (refer to the end of the guidelines for detailed
point division/distribution).
You should first collect data from any trustable sources you can find, for example,
officially published books, peer-reviewed journal articles, and trustable internet resources,
and in particular, the "main references" of our course (refer to the syllabus.)
Once you have collected enough data, you should complete your own analysis and
interpretation of the data, and follow this writing guideline to independently finish your
paper (that is, each student will write his/her own paper).
The term paper can be submitted through BlackBoard as an assignment (checked by
SafeAssign) at any time before the deadline - the end of official Final Exam time for our
course (Refer to the syllabus). No submission after the deadline will be accepted at any
General Rules:
[Note: The current “Term Paper Guidelines” as well as the “Term Paper Writing Template”
and the "Term Paper Writing Template-References" are all composed following these General
Rules. Please download the “Term Paper Writing Template” and the "Term Paper Writing
Template-References" and write your paper directly on these templates without changing any
You will submit your term paper in two files:
1. The term paper text (Should be named as "[Your scientist’s name] by [you name]-text",
such as "Marie Curie by Qin Leng-text"). Figures and tables (if necessary) as well as their
captions/legends should be included in this file. SafeAssign will be used to check the similarity of
this file of your term paper with the Institutional and Global References Database.
2. The term paper references (the “reference list”) (Should be named as "[Your scientist’s
name] by [you name]-refs", such as "Marie Curie by Qin Leng-refs"). To separate your reference
list from the text is to avoid increasing the SafeAssign "similarity" of your term paper.
American English should be used to write the term paper while non-English words or phrases
(e.g., vise versa) can be embedded in necessary places. The writing should be free of grammatical
or spelling errors.
Metric units (SI-International System of Units) must be used throughout the paper. Convert
English units to metric or use both.
Font must be in 12-point, Times New Roman.
Single spaced all through the paper, including title, all chapters, and figure and table captions
(if necessary).
Necessary figure(s) and table(s) can be included and all of them must be referred to in the text,
in the order of appearance. For example:
SCI 362 - Nobel Prize in Biological Sciences (Instructor: Prof. Qin Leng)
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“Groves of native dawn redwood trees were shown in Figure 1.”
“Table 1 shows the data of samplings of native dawn redwood trees.”
Under each figure and table there should be a caption/legend. Figure and table numbers are
formatted in CAPITAL letters, BOLD, followed by an em dash (–). Unless the figure was created
by yourself, the source of the figure/table should be cited clearly at the end of the caption/legend.
FIGURE 1 – Reconstructed Arctic ecosystem during the early Paleogene
global warming period (From Leng and Yang, 2009, cover figure)
FIGURE 2 – Position of Metasequoia (indicated by an arrow) in the phylogenetic tree of
the family Cupressaceae [From “http://www(dot)conifers(dot)org/cu/Cupressaceae.php” (retrieved 01
September 2016), with the arrow added by the current author]
Reference and Citation Formatting:
Every reference from which you obtained data/information both for the text and for
figure(s)/table(s) should be cited in both the text and the reference list.
We use the “name-year” citation style of "Council of Science Editors. Style Manual
Committee. 2014. Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and
SCI 362 - Nobel Prize in Biological Sciences (Instructor: Prof. Qin Leng)
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Publishers. 8th edition. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. 722p." The style
can be found from:
column and click "NAME-YEAR" under "Scientific Style and Format Citation Quick Guide."
As SafeAssign will be used to check the similarity of your term paper with the Institutional
and Global References Database, to avoid increasing the "similarity" of the report of SafeAssign
on your term paper, the reference list (the “References”) of your paper should be submitted in a
separate word file. Please use the "Term Paper Writing Template-References" which can be
downloaded from BlackBoard to fill in your reference list.
Paper Organization:
Please organize your paper according to the following sequence:
Title—The full name of your Nobel Prize laureate followed by his/her birth date and an em
dash in parenthesis if he/she is still alive [such as Example 1] or by his/her birth date, an em dash,
and death date if he/she passed away [such as Example 2]. Add his/her Nobel Prize and the year
in the following line. Both lines should be centered and bold.
Example 1:
Shinya Yamanaka (4 September 1962 –)
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012
Example 2:
Marie Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934)
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 and the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911
Short Biography
This session constitutes 5 pts. It should include at least: Date and place of birth of the scientist,
date and place of death of the scientist (if passed away), family of the scientist (particularly
family members who influenced the scientist remarkably), education background (under graduate
to graduate should be at least included) of the scientist, major career experience of the scientist,
and a list of outstanding awards/honors the scientist received.
Major Scientific Achievements and Impacts
This session constitutes 15 pts. You should summarize the major scientific achievements of
the scientist and discuss the major impacts of his/her work, particularly the impacts on biological
sciences. Don't provide a list of awards/honors the scientist received (which should be included in
the "Short Biography" session.)
One or more separate paragraph(s) focusing on the Nobel Prize winning research of the
scientist and its scientific (biological) background should be written specifically.
My Reflection
SCI 362 - Nobel Prize in Biological Sciences (Instructor: Prof. Qin Leng)
4 / 4
This session constitutes 3 pts, containing your personal reflection after doing research and
co-organizing a panel on your scientist. Any other comments or remarks can be also included in
this session.
(All these three headings — “Short Biography,” “Major Scientific Achievements and
Impacts,” and “My Reflection” — should be centered, with sentence caps, and in bold, as shown
A complete list of all references you cite in the text should be compiled, following the format
described in “Reference and Citation Formatting.” (Note: This session should be written and
submitted in a separate word file.)


Name: ______________________________ ID#: ______________________________
(Linda B. Buck (29 January 1947 - )
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2004)
Short Biography
Linda B. Buck was born in 1947 in Seattle, Washington to a mother who was a homemaker and an enthusiast of word puzzles (Nobel Prize…c2019). Her father was an electric engineer who spent much of his time at home inventing stuff and building them in the family basement. Both her mother’s enthusiasm in puzzles and the father’s interest in inventions might have planted Buck’s seed for her future affinity for scientific discoveries, although she never imagined at any one time as a child that she would someday become a scientist. Nevertheless, her supportive parents often reminded her that she had an inherent ability to do anything she wanted in her life. The parents taught her to think autonomously and be critical in her own ideas and urged her to pursue something that could have a meaning in her life (Nobel Prize…c2019). Her mother reminded her that she should never settle for something mediocre and such sentiments became internalized to influence Buck’s work as a scientist.
Buck received Bachelor of Science in psychology and microbiology in 1975 from the University of Washington and her Ph.D. in immunology in 1980 at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas under Professor Ellen Vitetta’s direction (Nobel Prize…c2019). She always had the zeal to pursue a career in which she could be of help to others. These thoughts made her to initially major in psychology with a dream of becoming a psychotherapist. As time passed, her interests had expanded and she welcomed multiple career possibilities. Unfortunately, none of the careers was ideal for her and she was disinclined to embark on a career that would later prove to be inappropriate (Nobel Prize…c2019). Over the following several years, while traveling and living on a nearby island, she enrolled in more classes in Seattle and finally founder her path when she took a course in immunology. She found immunology subject fascinating and a strong feeling hit her that she would one day be a biologist.
Buck began her postdoctoral research in 1980 at Columbia University under the supervision of Dr. Benvenuto Permis between 1980 and 1982 (Nobel Prize…c2019). She would later join Dr. Richard Axel’s laboratory also located in Columbia in the Institute of Cancer Research. It is after she came across a research paper written by Sol Snyder’s group at Johns Hopkins University that Buck laid out the map of understanding the olfactory mechanism at molecular level to trace the journey of odors from the receptor cells of the nose through the brain. While working with rat genes together with Axel, she identified a family of genes encoding for over 1000 odor receptors and made a publication of their findings in 1991 (Nobel Prize…c2019). Before the end of that year, Buck was made an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School in the department of Neurobiology where she later established her own laboratory.

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