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Literature & Language
Why is it Difficult or Impossible to Profile Terrorist Behavior: 4 questions (Essay Sample)
DEAR WRITER THIS IS AN EXAM NO EXTENSION POSSIBLE 5 DAYS DEATHLINE ! This is an 3rd year University essay very important high level of skill and up to standart, no plagiarism as they check with special system!!Knowledge of contemporary issues and trends in terrorism and counter-terrorism .. Instructions Please answer FOUR of the questions. Questions may be answered in any order. Please write the number of the question and the question at the top of the page on which your answer begins. Each answer must: - Be between 600 and 700 words (there is no ±10% allowance); - Be started on a new page (use the page break feature); - Include conceptual discussion (definition/discussion of concepts, key issues/debates/dynamics); - Include empirical material (evidence to help support your response); - Cite AT LEAST ONE of the required readings listed on attachment ; - Referencing should be Harvard style with page numbers where appropriate, with the full reference(s) given at the end of the answer. Direct quotations are not expected nor recommended !! Here the question: The Questions: 1. Why is it difficult or impossible to profile terrorist behaviour? 2. How objective is the Western media in its reporting of terrorism? Use examples to support your answer. 3. How effective is suicide bombing as a tactic? Use examples to support your answer. 4. What are the causes of Islamist terrorism? Why does it target the West? 5. Is it acceptable to trade off liberty for security? Discuss in the context of the Israel-Palestine conflict. 6. Are violent acts in the campaign against abortion really terrorism? 7. Why do States have a monopoly on violence? 8. In what ways, if any, is terrorism a threat to Australia? 9. Terrorism has been described as a ‘cry for help'. Do you agree? Why or why not? 10. Is there a cross-over between secular and religious terrorism? Use examples to support your answer. 11. In what ways, if any, does the suppression of dissent encourage terrorism? File and Document Formatting File format: - All scripts must be submitted in either .doc or .docx format. Other formats are not permitted. - Please submit only one file that contains all your answers. - Please name your file using the following format: surname-student number-AIE363 exam. (example: meinhoff-23001567-AIE363exam.doc) Document format: - Please put full name and student number in a header. - Your document should have standard margins and use a black sans-serif font (11 or 12 point). - Page numbers should be shown. - Please start each answer on a new page. - Write the question number and question in bold at the top of the first page of your answer. 3. Assessment Aims The aim of this assessment is for students to demonstrate: - Familiarity with and understanding of the topics covered in the unit in terms of being able to define key concepts, issues and debates; - Knowledge of contemporary issues and trends in terrorism and counter-terrorism; - Ability to relate concepts and debates to empirical examples in order to produce analysis; - Ability to respond to the question concisely, with an appropriate focus and in the required format. 4. Assessment Format and Advice for How To Tackle It This is a "take home" exam, or, if you prefer, a time- and word-limited piece of coursework. Like any piece of work, it is best to start early. In contrast to preparing an essay, however, you may wish to treat this more like a traditional exam initially, but then review your answers against the assessment rubric and instructions and revise/polish them accordingly before submission. This of course is only one possible way of approaching the exercise, and each of you will have to decide how you wish to tackle it, especially if you are less familiar with the weekly readings or current affairs. Keep the assessment criteria in mind and work on meeting them as fully as possible, but remember it doesn't have to be perfect, just good enough – which is about all that can be achieved given the time- and word-limits. One unusual feature of this particular take-home exam is that there is a requirement to cite at least one source from the required readings listed in the unit guide in each answer (see section 6 for full instructions). Verbatim quotations are not expected nor encouraged, reflecting the fact that the aim is to require you to demonstrate basic familiarity with course material and the ability to relate it to the topic within a pretty tight word limit. 5. Assessment Rubric and Mark Allocation Each question will be marked out of 25. Marks for each question will be added together to give an overall mark out of 100. This mark will be worth 50% of your final unit mark. Marks will be allocated equally between five criteria: 1. Evidence of conceptual/theoretical engagement; 2. Evidence of engagement with empirical material; 3. Evidence of analysis; 4. Structure and clarity of response; 5. Conformity to assessment requirements and instructions (response length, formatting and presentation requirements, referencing). The rubric below gives descriptors for the requirements for each criterion at each attainment level: High DistinctDetailed, accurate and precise definition or discussion of key concepts/themes /issues. Excellent and well-balanced understanding of concept/topic and related debates. Empirical material present, entirely relevant, well-selected to support answer and excellent level of detailDiscussion clearly relates material to conceptual/theor etical content and to the question. Very good or excellent depth of analysis. Excellent and entirely logical structure both overall and within paragraphs. Effective and clear linking of points. Meaning entirely clear with precise and sophisticated use of language. Response coherent, easy to follow and stylistically sophisticated. Excellent conformity with only one or two minor lapses..ion . 6. Instructions Please answer FOUR of the questions. Questions may be answered in any order. Please write the number of the question and the question at the top of the page on which your answer begins. Each answer must: - Be between 600 and 700 words (there is no ±10% allowance); - Be started on a new page (use the page break feature); - Include conceptual discussion (definition/discussion of concepts, key issues/debates/dynamics); - Include empirical material (evidence to help support your response); - Cite AT LEAST ONE of the required readings listed on attachment; - Referencing should be Harvard style with page numbers where appropriate, with the full reference(s) given at the end of the answer. Direct quotations are not expected nor recommended. source..
Question 1: Why is it Difficult or Impossible to Profile Terrorist Behavior?
More often than not, the security agents in different locations such as air bases, ports and pubic places tend to look for certain behaviors in terrorists. According to Florence and Friedman (2010, p. 423), it is clear, that the most common form of profiling on terrorist behavior is what is termed as Screening Passengers by Observation Technique or SPOT. This strategy would employ looking at specific behaviors in such places. These behaviors could involve, appearing sweaty, carrying suspicious bundles and scurrying here and there looking over the shoulder. Later the security agents noticed that the terrorists had grown smarter. They do not appear as scared, lost and confused individuals. They have learnt to be more discrete and smart as well. However, knowing this is not all that it takes. Borum (2012, p. 5) indicates that the terrorists have learnt that in order to be effective, they have to be less predictable. As such, when the counter-terrorism agents are busy profiling the terrorist behavior, the terrorists get down to finding out ways of acting out of the expectations of these agencies. This means that the terrorist behavior keeps on evolving. The more the security agents try to profile the behaviors, the more the terrorists try to act contrary to that behavior. In the long run, it becomes virtually impossible to predict how a terrorist behaves. This, in turns, makes it hard to catch terorrists using the behavior profiling strategy.
Yun (2010, p. 111) gives another perspective from which terrorist profiling becomes an issue. He indicates that insurgency has become the new way for the terrorists. This implies that they have inside people within the security agencies, or they have ways of getting intelligence from the security agencies. What this implies is that the terrorists act on some kind of counter-intelligence. They understand what the security agencies are looking for, and they act in the exact opposite manner. In the long run, it becomes hard to predict who is a terrorist or a potential terrorist based on the manner in which they behave. Bell and Evens (2010, p. 370) also echo the same idea. They feel that in mapping the counter-terrorism terrain, it appears that the terrorists have learnt to act in a manner different from the way they are expected to. They attack the unexpected and most unlikely places; they dress and behave not like terrorists but like other civilians, until they reveal their true identity when it is too late for the security agents to do something about it. This makes it quiet tough for the profiling of terrorist behavior to be very effective.
Smith (2008) sheds even more light on this issue. He tries to look into the terrorist psychology; how they work and where they strike. Giving the examples of 9/11, Timothy McVeigh, and Eric Rudolph, Smith manages to bring out just ho...
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