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10 pages/≈2750 words
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Harvard
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Business & Marketing
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English (U.K.)
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Topic:

Research the Need for Sustainable Urban Transportation (Essay Sample)

Instructions:

You must briefly present the current situation and the choices that led us to it; issues can cover passenger movements through public/private means and/or freight distribution. Then explain the benefits that sustainable transport policies and practices can have on the sector, particularly in an urban setting. Give examples and discuss the social, economic and environmental impacts that sustainable urban development and transport can have in a real context. You must support your arguments with references from key texts, journal papers, books and reports, as well as reliable news providers. Provide all references in a list and use the Harvard referencing system.

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Content:

THE NEED FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORTATION
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Introduction
Transport systems play a critical role in the development of urban areas especially by providing access for people to key services such health care, education, markets, employment, recreation among others. In particular, effective transport systems in developing world cities are one of the most crucial prerequisites for achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Therefore, enhanced mobility and access is a necessity and not an option to such cities. Cities with enhanced transport modes in a well-integrated system have a higher likelihood of prospering and evolving as important centres of commerce, education, education, trade, industry, tourism and other services. It is also common that cities which rank top in urban quality of life surveys have high quality and well-developed transport systems; these well-defined systems usually prioritise non-motorised and public means of transport.
As cities across the globe continue to grow in terms of both size and population, they become active contributors to national GDPs. In many countries, cities are contributing as much as 80% or even more of the total GDPs of the respective countries. With increase in populations and also size, and the great and active role that the urban set ups play, there is an unmet demand for more and sustainable urban transportation – both passenger and freight. As the urban areas change in both size and population, so do the lifestyles as well as the living conditions of the urban population. In most cities, the developing cities included, the upper and middleclass population is rapidly growing owing to better incomes and occupational opportunities. As these populations rise, the ownership of private vehicles also increases. A case in point is the city of Bangkok which saw the number of registered private vehicles rise from 4,163,000 in 1999 to 5,614,294 in 2007. This rise in private vehicles represents a 35% increase, a significant rise in less than a decade.
Currently, urban transportation systems in most the developing cities are wanting – they are indeed far from ideal. In such urban set ups, the most visible challenge in the transport sector is congestion brought about by traffic jams. Indeed, traffic congestion is known to have dire consequences to a country’s GDP especially due to issues that cost national governments huge amounts of money. Such issues include: air pollution (as a result of smoke and fog [smog] and acidification), greenhouse gas emissions, road accidents, and noise.
In order to establish sustainable urban transport systems, there is need to establish an integrated and comprehensive strategy to decision-making and policy-making. The purpose or aim of creating such a strategy is to develop economically-viable, environment-friendly, and affordable transport systems. Political will also plays a great role in the overall improvement of urban transport policies. For example, city mayors or some other authorities can adopt tools to address the transport challenges and also apply them in their respective cities in an appropriate manner. Only when such a strategy is adopted will there be benefits and positive outcomes for all city populations.
Issues and Importance
One of the major goals of sustainable transport is to reduce the travel demand, particularly by motorized modes through the reduction of number of trips and trip lengths. The way developments are organized in a city impacts the trip lengths and number of trips that the city dwellers need to make to get access to people, goods, opportunities, and services. Organization of the urban space can greatly help in travel demand management. The trip lengths and number of trips ...
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