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Scientific Management Theory: Principles Of The Theory (Essay Sample)


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Management has been an integral component of an organization due to its development in previous years. Summarized by functions which include planning, organizing, coordinating, controlling and staffing, management has resulted into effective processes that enable an organization achieve its goals and objectives. These processes have also resulted in the maintaining of conducive environment that helps employees to work at optimum efficiency ADDIN CSL_CITATION { "citationItems" : [ { "id" : "ITEM-1", "itemData" : { "ISSN" : "00990027", "abstract" : "The Principles of Scientific Management by FW Taylor, and The One Best Way: Frederick Winslow Taylor & the Enigma of Efficiency by R Kanigel are reviewed.", "author" : [ { "dropping-particle" : "", "family" : "Metzgar", "given" : "Carl R.", "non-dropping-particle" : "", "parse-names" : false, "suffix" : "" } ], "container-title" : "Professional Safety", "id" : "ITEM-1", "issued" : { "date-parts" : [ [ "2004" ] ] }, "page" : "49", "title" : "The Principles of Scientific Management/The One Best Way: Frederick Winslow Taylor & the Enigma of Efficiency", "type" : "article-journal", "volume" : "49" }, "uris" : [ "" ] } ], "mendeley" : { "formattedCitation" : "(Metzgar, 2004)", "plainTextFormattedCitation" : "(Metzgar, 2004)", "previouslyFormattedCitation" : "(Metzgar, 2004)" }, "properties" : { "noteIndex" : 0 }, "schema" : "" }(Metzgar, 2004). Individual efforts by each employee are also combined to produce complex systems that have proved to be the basis for many successful organizations such as Google and Apple. The development of management practices are however as a result of Frederick Taylor's theory of scientific management. Many managers follow it in order to propel their organizations forward.
Scientific management theory
Having propagated the era in modern management, Frederick Taylor saw the need to eradicate the ill-directed movements of men as it had been in most social organizations. According to his findings, these movements resulted in national loss which was a detriment to national philosophies and morals ADDIN CSL_CITATION { "citationItems" : [ { "id" : "ITEM-1", "itemData" : { "DOI" : "10.1108/17511340810893108", "ISBN" : "1355252X", "ISSN" : "1751-1348", "PMID" : "210946630", "abstract" : "The purpose of the paper is to critically question conventional views of the one-dimensional, mechanistic and negative image of human nature of Scientific Management. Both for worker behavior and for managerial behavior positive aspects of an image of human nature are reconstructed in organizational economic terms. Through institutional economic reconstruction, drawing on the methods and concepts of organizational and institutional economics, the portrayal of workers and managers by Scientific Management is critically assessed. It is suggested that a conceptual asymmetry exists in Taylor's writings regarding the portrayal of human nature of workers and managers. Whereas for workers a model of self-interest was applied (through the concepts of \"systematic soldering\" and \"natural soldiering\"), Taylor portrayed managers through a positive, behavioral model of human nature that depicted the manager as \"heartily cooperative\". The key thesis is that by modeling managers through a rather positive image of human nature Taylor could no longer methodically apply the model of economic man in order to test out and prevent interaction conflict between potentially self-interested managers and workers. The paper focused on Scientific Management to advance the ...

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