Prenatal Testing Social Sciences Essay Research Paper (Essay Sample)
Medical Ethic Topic: Prenatal testing (for or against)
Questions to answer:
-What are the key points of contention on this topic?
-What side of the argument (stance) do you take on this topic?
-What strong points does the other side of this topic have?
-Choose an ethical theory (Choose from these ONLY – Kant; Act Utilitarianism; Rule
Utilitarianism; Care Ethics; Virtue Ethics; and Social Contract) that you would apply to the weekly topic to defend your stance? Explain fully. At least 250 words.
Make that your one-page paper has the following
A) In this reflection you must define the key terms of the debate (for example, define prenatal testing)
B) Define and explain the specific ethical theory you chose (show me you know exactly what the theory is and does – in your own words)
C) Present the evidence both pro and con and follow up how using your ethical theory is the best way to determine whether or not your stance is really ethical
D) Conclusion – any final thoughts and opinions. This is not optional, but instead a place to interject your own personal point of view.
Prenatal testing is a complex process involving screening and diagnostic tests that are carried out on pregnant women to obtain important information about the baby (Kitchen & Jack 2019). The principal aim of the tests is to ascertain whether the unborn child is likely or less likely to have any genetic defects. The process involves DNA screening, special-type of ultrasound and blood test. Two major types of prenatal tests are screening and diagnostic tests. Screening tests are carried out to check on any genetic disorders, and the test utilizes blood samples and screening of cell-free DNA samples from the parents (Kitchen & Jack 2019). On the other hand, diagnostic tests are carried out to indicate a possible problem arising from the age of the mother, familial history and existence of a medical condition with an account. The conditions may predispose the baby with the same hereditary defects, and the parents may consider various remedies of their choice.
Prenatal screening raises a lot of critical ethical issues (Chitty et al., 2018). Some of the problems relate to the process of
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