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Poverty And Inequality In Africa: Violence (Essay Sample)



You are angry, fed-up, and 0red of the injus0ce you see. You have decided to something about it —you're going to start your own social movement to try to correct these wrongs, and to make life be@er for a certain group of people. In this assignment, you will:

‣ choose an injus,ce occurring in the world today

‣ define a group of people it affects ‣organize an effort to protest/call for ac,on

‣ define the goals of the movement

The assignment is to produce a REPORT of no more than 8 pages (1.5 space, 12pt font). The report can be a combina0on of essay, social media no0ces and/or blog-style pieces, figures, and images. BE CREATIVE!

Specifically, the report MUST include:

1) a short summary essay (roughly 3 pages) explaining the injus0ce you are figh0ng against: Define what the injus0ce is, who it affects (which country, or countries? Does it affect everyone, or only people from a certain group, like age-group, educa0on level, income, race, sexual orienta0on, etc.). Explain which ins0tu0ons, cultural norms, and power networks have created the injus0ce. Show how this injus0ce relates to other injus0ces we have discussed in class

2) a brief call to ac0on (roughly 1-1.5 pages including images, figures) rallying support for the social movement. This can be in the form of a series of tweets, a blog post, a poster, and/or other forms of wri0ng that explain the injus0ce and ask that those affected by it organize into a social movement. Be sure to be clear about who is being asked to par0cipate and what the social movement entails—is it a protest in a physical space, a collabora0on on social media, a boyco@ of certain companies/ products, a call to vote in a par0cular way? Think of the social movements we have explored in class and the type of ac0vity those movements entailed

3) a short (1 page) 'manifesto'. This should be wri@en as a le@er to be sent to the people or organiza0ons held responsible for crea0ng the injus0ce, detailing exactly what the goals of the social movement are—changes in government policy, upda0ng or altering ins0tu0ons, trying to change cultural norms, and/or calling for power networks and the people in control of them to be replaced.


Poverty and inequality in Africa
Poverty and inequality in Africa
Summary of Injustice
The issue of poverty and inequality in Africa continue to interact with fragility in complex ways. The current pattern of growth in the continent excludes significant geographical areas and social groups, aggravating the uncertainty of conflict and instability (, nd). This paper arises as an urgent call to address political mechanisms that will reduce the risk of national level violence. There is great need for African policy makers and their international supporters to actively manage the resulting pressures, as opposed to reacting only once conflict erupts (Seery & Arendar, 2014).
The African continent is changing at a rapid speed. In the future, the combined pressures of a growing population, environmental change and the rapid economic growth will transform the livelihoods of Africans at an unparalleled pace (McGhee, 2016). If such transformations become well managed, they will provide the motivation for Africa's continuing rapid development. Growth is buoyant across a large proportion of the continent, with new livelihood opportunities emerging and poverty levels on the decline (, 2017). A growing number of nations have reached a situation where they can look to bring their dependence on foreign assistance to an end.
In view of inequality and exclusion, different dimensions stand out. A key dimension rests with the economic isolation of countries and regions (Lynch, 2015). Many African countries remain landlocked with small internal markets depending on neighbors for their access to regional markets. However, the neighbors themselves lack the resources to invest in adequate transport infrastructure (Canadian Council for International Co-operation, 2008). Other countries have potentially very large internal markets, but remain underdeveloped as a result of poor infrastructure and long-lasting insecurity, resulting in widespread economic isolation (Lynch, 2015).
Another major factor for fragility occurs with the persistence of extreme poverty and social exclusion for particular social groups, even in economies enjoying healthy growth rates. While Africa has made great strides on poverty reduction in recent years, nearly half the population still lives on less than $1.25 a day (, nd). In nations experiencing significant violence in recent decades, poverty rates are on average 21% points higher than in the unaffected countries.
Call of action: Partnerships for resilience
To address the problems of inequality and poverty, African countries need resilient states and societies, which operate within a robust political framework provided by the African Union. In recent times, many lessons about building effective states, including the importance of inclusive political settlements, reestablishing security and justice, building core economic management capacity and creating legitimacy through public service delivery have been learnt (, nd;, 2017). Further, addressing fragility involves two other important dimensions. In one, there is need to draw on the resilience found in African societies. Over the years, the private sector has demonstrated a profound capacity to manage risk and create livelihoods in even the most difficult environments. Communities can govern their affairs, manage disputes and protect the most vulnerable through the civil society. African women play a crucial role in forging peace and rebuilding livelihoods. Nonetheless, such role is highly unrecognizable. A critical approach

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