International Relations POL 720 (Essay Sample)
Good afternoon, I have an assignment for International Relations. There are two questions, each question should be about 5 double-spaced pages. Questions linked bellow. Thank you,
End of Semester Exam
Answer question number ONE plus question two or three. Each question should consist of 5 double spaced, one-sided pages. The answers for this exam as well as the previous one must be submitted by hand no later than noon time on December 16th. Make sure that you submit an exam that is written in good, idiomatic English that is free from grammatical errors.
1) Write a concise, organized, and well-argued essay in which you explain Samuel Huntington’s “Clash of Civilizations” theory showing in your answer: 1) Huntington’s reflections on the fundamental sources of conflict in post-Cold War global politics; 2) what he says about the Arab strongmen regimes; 3) what he also tells the reader about the dynamic of interaction between Islamic civilization and the West; 4) the points at which his theory intersects with or departs from the core premises of realist and liberal international relations paradigms that we discussed in the course; 5) the praise and criticism that his theory has inspired.
2) Explain what feminist IR theorists aim to expose, what they critique, and what they try to add to the field of international relations theory.
3) Explain the proposals of liberal international relations theory about how world politics can be influenced by economic interdependence, international law and international institutions, the spread of democracy, and domestic and international civil society.source..
The post-cold war era has been of interest to scholars. The significant interest has been revealing new sources of conflicts and resolving them. While the biggest question has been what would be the cause of conflict in the post-cold war era. Various theorists have been applied to the topic with liberalists claiming it is possible to avoid war while realist was claiming that there is no promise of stability. Other scientists have characterized post-cold war era with affirmations of about the importance of democracy, freedom, and prosperity. However theorists Samuel Huntington did not view the period like that and in his â€˜clash of civilization' theory, Huntington foresees emerging conflicts due to cultural dissimilarities.
The argument makes a succinct prediction on the conflicts and their causes and also specifies the types of wars that would be fought. It is in this background that the paper seeks to examine Huntington's theory. The paper will be divided into five parts with the first part giving Huntington's reflection on the fundamental sources of conflicts, his view on Arab strongmen regime, the dynamic interaction between Islamic civilization and the West. Additionally, the paper will explain the relationship between the theory and the core premises of realist and liberal international relations.
Huntington theory details what he believes would cause war in the post-cold war era. One of the belief is that the war would be caused by cultural differences rather than economic or ideological. On this basis, he argues that politics will revolve around civilizations which he defines as the highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identities. The cultural difference is what distinguishes humans from other species Huntington (as cited in Cashman, & Robinson, 2007) at the center of civilization is religion according to Huntington.
He claims eight significant cultures is, Western Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-orthodox, Latin America, and sub-Saharan African civilization, and Huntington argues that the present-day cultural, political, technological and economical process all combine to intensify people a consciousness of their civilization.
According to Huntington, conflict in post â€“cold war era will cause by different culture between groups and states. This is a shift from the intra-civilization between states within the western civilizations that had happened in several centuries ago. That interstate wars were most likely to break along the geographical fault line between civilizations. Still on the difference in culture, he argues that conflicts between states within same civilization are most liable to be less frequent as compared to those of different civilizations. The assumption is that similar civilizational membership reduces the chances that conflict is likely to spread thus creating civilizational peace.
The likelihood of spread of conflict are most liable to happen via the standard civilizational group. According to Huntington, the concept is known as â€˜civilizational rallying.' Moreover, membership of alliances will be formed by civilizational ties. Fundamentally, the conflicts in post-cold-war era will be between the western civilization against the rest. Other civilization will be trying to balance off the power of the most dominant cultural coalition. Thus the according to Huntington the biggest cause of war in post-cold war era is the clash between civilization.
On the Arab strongmen regimes, Huntington claimed that Islamic civilization is the most troublesome and that person in the Arab world do not harbor the same ideologies as their western counterparts. That the primary attachment to Islamic civilization is religion and not...
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