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Dialectical Reversal of Otherness (DRO) (Essay Sample)


Theme - Dialectical Reversal of Otherness (DRO)
- definition of DRO + several examples and quotations from different philosophers (Derrida etc.)
- Thesis statement - Feminism in DRO; Woman is the Other.
DRO on the example of inclusion and exclusion women on the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876. It's a great example of DRO because on the one hand it was the first huge exposition where women participated, but on the other hand all women were represented in the separate pavilion which means that they were excluded from the rest of Exposition. So this is an inclusion and exclusion at the same time.
- Feminism in Dialectical Reversal of Otherness - different examples when women were included and at the same excluded from the history, society, art, etc... It is possible to use here thoughts and quotations from French Feminists - Simone de Beauvoir ("one is not born, rather one becomes a woman"), Julia Kristeva (disruption - breaking the masculine and search for pure identity), Helena Cixous (feminine writing) + to use different examples of women artists from different times.
- Conclusion: Add women and mix? Feminism and skepticism - to use thought to critique thought. The impossibility of avoiding the Dialectical Reversal of Otherness on the example of women.


Dialectical Reversal of Otherness


Institutional Affiliation
Dialectical Reversal of Otherness

Dialectical Reversal of Otherness combines both inclusion and exclusion in the same context, although what is included in the same sphere is a reductive projection of the whole. Legally, aspects of equality are embraced but the individual segregation occurs. The former is normally called inclusion while the latter is called exclusion, but they co-exist. Achieving inclusion is a challenge because of the prejudices that exist within the human nature. This paper focuses on the instances when an opportunity arises for feminine empowerment but they get minimal improvements or total exclusion, hence the Hegelian extraction of the expression ‘other’, ‘the other’, ‘othering’ or ‘otherness’ to relate to an interaction of two intellectually capable creatures. Different theorists have hypothesized on the principle of dialectical reversal of otherness with regard to feminism and their assertions are the basis for conveying a compelling supposition since the Victorian age, towards the last part of the nineteenth century, where the prevailing thoughts regarding subjugation and restriction of women’s socio, economic and political order are prejudiced in favor of the patriarchal arrangement.

It is during the era of Queen Victoria that much progress is seen to have happened regarding opening up the social space and the paradox is the role of the female gender is relegated or neglected altogether. There is, however, a crop of writers who have idealized the apathy visited upon them in literary works in a characteristic modernist struggle for equality of the sexes.

The subject of women begins to draw parallels on the social norms surrounding man and woman with the 1861 investigative publication by John Stuart Mill in which he talks about the social inferiority of the women to men on several aspects like voting rights. Reforming the rules to give women more liberties on the social, economic and political fronts becomes the genesis of women empowerment as more educated women take up strategic leadership positions from where they challenge the conventional ideology.

The Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876

During this trade fair, women draw on customs of separatism and sorority based on their feminine values and virtues in a move to assert their resistance to the male dominance and their discrimination. They organize an international exposition by planning, funding and managing their own pavilion which is dedicated for their feministic artistic and industrial endeavors, bringing aboard shared values and material achievements this exposition enables them to make a close bond, where a sisterhood forum that seeks to define womanhood and ignite social action against male chauvinism and dominance in the public domain is propagated.

They are determined to challenge the patriarchal system by expanding the woman's sphere outside the home and advancement of their sisterhood in a bid to critique the social and cultural order which subordinates them. They seek to have the legitimacy of their newly acquired role by setting feministic goals which in the ideas of the pavilion leaders are aimed at confidence building and advancement of the woman’s sphere of influence pertaining social and economic issues like discrimination against their gender, as well as freedom in and outside the home. Interestingly this centennial pavilion is arranged by the all-male board of finance that enlists the women believing women will increase subscriptions to raise funds for the centennial stock so they can raise revenue for the exhibition.

This is an example of inclusion and exclusion because the women are made to believe that they ...

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