Assignment 1: The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy (Essay Sample)
I will attach the table with Presidents and their Doctrines. I am also including Chapter 6. Please use it as a reference in addition to 4 other credible references.
Select a president from the table, “Presidents and Their ‘Doctrines,’” in Roskin, Chapter 6. Then write a three (3) page paper on the doctrine that a president used according to Roskin. Your research must include at least four (4) credible sources, apart from your textbook. Your paper must address the following:
Summarize a situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts during the president’s time in office.
Explicate the diplomatic doctrine the president followed, with reference to specific actions or events that occurred.
Describe the effects of these diplomatic efforts for the U.S. and other countries.
Assess, in conclusion, the advantages and disadvantages of the particular doctrine that was followed.
Cite at least four (4) reputable sources in addition to the textbook, not including Wikipedia, encyclopedias, or dictionaries.
Your assignment must:
Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
Tip: Here is what to focus on:
- A doctrine is a set of principles that a US president has applied to various regions, situations or other countries.
- We are interested in Cold War doctrines that presidents used to try to contain, or stop, the spread of Communism.
- Find a situation in which your president dealt with a global issue, proxy war, or conflict related to the Cold War with the Soviet Union (USSR) between 1945-1989. Answer the 4 questions about it.
- These presidents are listed in your text on p. 106 and go from President Truman to Reagan.
The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy
The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy: The Reagan Doctrine
This paper focuses on Ronald Reagan’s doctrine that encouraged the overthrowing of pro-soviet governments through supporting anti-communist insurgent groups. The Reagan doctrine refers to a strategy that was aimed at eradicating communism hence ending the Cold War. This doctrine was the focal point that guided the U.S. foreign affairs until the Cold War ended in1991 (Greentree, 2016). The U.S. under the Reagan Doctrine sponsored overt and covert operations that helped anti-communist resistance groups and guerillas in an effort to end pro-soviet regimes in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. The Reagan Doctrine was developed to reduce Soviet Union’s influence in these regions as part of the whole objective of winning the Cold War.
Situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts during Reagan’s regime
An important instance of the implementation of the doctrine is the Nicaragua situation. The U.S. in Nicaragua supported the contra movement that ousted the leftist Sandinista regime from power. Similarly, the U.S. in Afghanistan offered material support to rebels in the country which assisted in ending the occupation of the Afghanistan by the Soviet. Therefore, the Reagan administration’s strategy to end the cold war included focusing on supporting proxy armies in several countries in the world to restrict the influence of the Soviet Union (Haftendorn & Schissler, 2019). The Reagan doctrine was contrasted several efforts that were made during the Jimmy Carter administration that applied the policy of détente with the Soviet Union.
The effects of these diplomatic efforts for the U.S. and other countries
The success of the Reagan administration in helping resolve conflicts in Nicaragua as well as in Afghanistan demonstrated that Reagan was making progress to stop the Soviet influence. For instance, the Marxist Sandinista regime in 1990 was replaced by a national opposition union in the country that was friendlier towards the U.S. and the West. Likewise, the Mujahideen in Afghanistan was successful in forcing the withdrawal of the Soviet military with the help of the U.S. (Haftendorn & Schissler, 2019). These successes that were advocated by the Reagan Doctrine were essential in the ensuing dissolution of the Soviet Union. Military action was successfully undertaken in Grenada which helped in reversing the public negativity towards different program
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