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Inclusion of Multi Family Dwellings in Waste Management (Essay Sample)

RYERSON UNIVERSITY - DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY 2012 GEOGRAPHY 702 MAJOR ASSIGNMENT (35%) The major paper for this course will address contentious technological and environmental issues that are the subject of contemporary debate. Students will work individually on one of the topics below to produce a major paper. Guidelines for the Written Paper Each of the topics may be treated as a formal essay or a report. A hard copy must be submitted and Turnitin must be used. The paper should be typed (12 font), double-spaced and a maximum of nine pages in length (inclusive of title page, figures, tables, bibliography and appendices). All papers should have references, a Title Page and a Bibliography (APA format) Ensure that you have your name, student number and my name on the title page. Please use the template on the course site Staple, do not bind your paper. I'm attaching the sources: Author: DEARDEN ISBN: 9780195446258 Publisher: Oxford University Press Edition: 4 ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE & CHALLENGE* source..

Inclusion of Multi Family Dwellings in Waste Management
According to Pioneer Institute of Public Policy and Research (PIPPR, 2004), a Multi Family Dwelling (MFD) includes buildings with three or more dwelling units constructed on a single lot. Multifamily buildings thus can range from a two duplex house to several buildings of varying forms and sizes. MFDs can be storey apartments or a part of multi-purpose building, new constructions or conversions from old buildings such as two family houses, schools, churches or municipal buildings. Multifamily dwellings will therefore provide rental housing to many families (usually more than three) all together. Handling the enormous domestic waste produced in multifamily dwellings is therefore a challenge within a community due to these interrelated structural and social factors in these residential settings. Single Family Dwelling (SFDs) on the other hand, may have similar characteristics within both the family and the residential community at lager and these facilities smooth coordination of waste recycling programs, contrary to the challenges posed by MFDs units. The challenges relates to participation waste disposal programs such as waste diversion and access to collection services. Structurally, many of the MFDs buildings fail to capture the need for recycling in their designs, which bars resident from adopting the existing recycling programs. For instance, where a storey building has an organic bin on the ground floor, families in up-floors the may find it easier to throw away any convenient bin than to carry it all the way. Different building sizes, landscape and layouts require special arrangements to meet those site demands for particular programs.
Social aspects such as level of environmental awareness and education of residents have a role in inclusion difficulty for MFDs. First, MFD are left out by such community programs, which in most cases target individuals. In most cases, the occupants are mostly tenants and not the building owners. The public thus hold the residents less accountable for any inconsistency in the recycling habits and the owners may take the blame instead. The level of education on waste recycling for the residents varies, which affect the consistency of a program across MFDs, thus a successful program in one place may fail in another MFDs calling for re-design of the same based on resident characteristics. Another reason is that private service providers mostly carry out waste management services rather than the local government for the MFDs. Despite these challenges, several solutions exist to achieve effective waste programs for MFD. These include making local government policies, outreach and education programs, mobilizing effective teams, carrying programs research and assessments.
One big stride of overcoming the forth-coming difficulties in MFDs waste management programs is through enactment of local gover...
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