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Mathematics & Economics
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Discuss how monetary policy works to help achieve economic goals (Essay Sample)

These papers are to be 300-600 words in proper APA format with in-text citations and a bibliography or reference section. source..

Course Name
Date of Submission
Monetary Policy and the Economics
Monetary policy is the actions which are normally undertaken by the central banks in all the countries for instance the Bank of England, Bank of Australia and also the Federal Reserve in the United States, to affect the supply of money and the performance of the country`s economy. These central banks normally use government securities, short term interest`s rates and the banking reserve requirements to affect the availability of credit and money in the economy. However, like any the other forms of economic policies, monetary policy too has its advantages towards achieving goals of economy (Whitehead, 2010).
The two objectives of financial policy are to promote determined bearable levels of economic productivity and substitute a steady price scheme. Constant prices try to keep inflation low-slung, and the Bank of San Francisco acknowledges that stumpy inflation is all that fiscal policy can accomplish in the long run. Inflation normally decreases the buying power of money, spoiling economic development. In disparity, steady prices allow households and industries to make monetary decisions deprived of worrying about rapid, unanticipated price rises.
Therefore the monetary policies are veryvital in every country because they make the deflation and inflation rates in to equilibrium level, which is an imperative issue for the progress of any economy (Lipsey, 1995). There are many merits accompanied by enactments of these monetary policies to see the benefit of achieving the economy goals for instance: when the banks do operate free of political pressures, they are generally able to make strategy decisions which are based on economic conditions and also the best available data on the economic recital, rather than temporary radical deliberations forced by designated official. The United States Federal Reserve works with a great level of radical freedom, even if it is answerable to Assembly. The Federal Reserve panel associates are executive appointees but have stunned rapports to mark it more problematic for a leader to load the panel with preferred appointees (Whitehead, 2010). When these central banks miss this freedom, monetary policy becomes theme to political compressions. According to Harvard`s economist MankiwGreg, for instance, says that bankers that lack radical independence because fiscal policy in a waythat is promising to the radical revelry in power and therefore this will make the economy prosper.
Moreover economists view monetary policy as the chief line of protection opposing economic stoppages. When the monetary policy is compared to the fiscal policy, monetary policy has the benefits of the Central Reserve`s ability to act quicker than the Congress and also to well evaluate the suitable magnitude and timing of an inducement. Furthermore, unless well crafted, fiscal incentive may enforce long-run c...
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