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# Diversity of budget process at the state level (Essay Sample)

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Diversity of budget process at the state level Name: Course: Instructor: Date: 1) According to Table 1, how many states require more than a simple majority to pass the state’s budget [identify the number of states and name the states]? Which state requires the highest percentage of votes in the legislature to pass its budget? Explain what implications this might have for operations in that state [Hint: use ideas from the readings in this module to enhance your explanation]. A simple majority represents more than 50 % of votes, and this typically means 51 % or more to pass the state budgets by the legislators. At the time of preparing the document on budget process in the summer of 2008 there were four states that required more than a simple majority: Arkansas, California, Mississippi, and Rhode Island. However, nowadays California has approved a vote requiring a simple majority through Proposition 25. Arkansas has the highest percentage required to pass state budget at three fourths which is 75% of votes. The three- fourths rule in Arkansas would facilitate compromise between the majority and minority members of the legislature. Unless the state has special sessions it is difficult to approve state budgets with three fourths majority because of increased partisan vote, although Republicans outnumber Democrats they are almost equally divided among the state legislators 2) Based on Table 2, in which five states does the state’s budget agency have the highest level of responsibilities [note: Table 2 contains 14 columns and is listed on two pages in the report]? Explain what this might imply for the operations (e.g. budget preparation and delivery of state services in general) in those states [Hint: use ideas from the readings in this module to enhance your explanation]. The five states with most responsibilities for state budget agencies are: California, Indiana, New York, Wisconsin and Washington (NASBO, 2008). When tasked with many roles, state ...
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