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Urban Planning (Essay Sample)

Provide well--‐written and insightful answers to the following questions. Your essay should be no longer than 2,000 words. Please edit your essay for grammar, flow, and argumentation. Please provide citations, as appropriate, from course material (these will not count in your 2,000 words); use standard citation formats and be consistent. Questions: You are a planner responsible for providing advice to the Mayor. The Mayor needs to come up with policies and programs to address poverty in the city, which is spatially concentrated in several areas, as well as among certain ethnic groups. Please provide a letter briefing the Mayor as to the following: a. What is meant by people--‐based vs. place--‐based approaches b. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each c. What you recommend d. Examples or precedents to support your recommendations e. Any concluding comments you might have for the Mayor. source..

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(18th April, 2012)
To the Mayor,
I take this opportunity to salute you first. In the real sense, one of the heated debates currently as far as community economic development is concerned is the debate between people based and place based approaches used in controlling housing affordability, poverty, serious unemployment and community decline. The question asked by many individuals is whether the help should be allocated to the distressed individuals or distressed places. Actually his Highness, this question is challenging to give an answer. Practically, both unemployment and poverty are mostly spatially concentrated. This is normally the case despite the place or the people affected. Additionally, this is the case despite the limited underperforming neighborhoods within the economically performing metropolitan economies. Characterized by low incomes, decreasing housing levels, increased social demand services and increased rates of unemployment, these places mostly contain reduced services, underperforming schools and reduced jobs which match the skills possessed by the local residents.
On the contrary, despite the fact that place-based programs are appealing and prevalence, most researchers consider them not only wasteful but also counterproductive. These researchers provide an argument such strategies are not only blunt but also indirect. In addition, these strategies normally represent ill-conceived bribes towards the poor to remain in poor places in worst conditions (Minton, 2012). On the contrary, it is the belief of these scholars that the people based help that is unlimited to given places but instead based on other individual situations is normally less wasteful and targeted well than the place based help. They enable residents living in disadvantaged zones to migrate basing on their preference towards better chances without losing the eligibility of the program. Instead of asking individuals to remain within these distressed areas to get assistance, the critics ask the reason why these people should not simply be assisted.
In the actual sense, the place versus people debate is not only misleading but also incomplete. Particularly, it interferes with the dual basis of community economic development. An example of a development obstacle about housing and labor failures in the market is basically nature redistribution. Make a consideration of development problems in the community where people lack enough private resources like jobs, food, costly transportation, adequate income and affordable transportation. The direct solution in these circumstances is to give resources by transferring payments. These transfer designs is responsible for various problems concerned with incentives. In these problems both the demand and supply sides is clearly important. On the other hand, an important question is if transfer design should contain a geographic constituent. This ...
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