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sociology (Essay Sample)

How do we treat mental illness then and now? Watch the movie "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" and write a comparison of mental health care in the early 60s and how it is treated now. Select two treatments used in the movie. Compare and contrast the treatment modalities from the movie with current day practices. This needs to be a scholarly paper of 1000 words, following APA guidelines worth 30% of your mark. Make sure to include an introduction, body of your comparison/contrast and conclusion. Don't forget to take notes while watching the movie! 6-8 references Please use easy to access references from a search engine such as google that coordinate with the statements And statements such as Jon (1998) states “hi there” (p. 2) source..

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Approaches to mental healthcare have been changing over the years. Mental healthcare in the early 60s is radically different from the modern times. This is evident in the movie "One Flew Over the Cuckoo`s Nest;, an adaptation from Ken Kesey`s novel of the same title. The movie depicts the treatment of mental health patients in a mental health facility. The film also depicts the experiences that persons with mental illnesses under at the medical institution. The movie introduces a rather shocking aspect to the manner in which psychiatric patients were handled and treated in the early 60s.
The movie depicts a harsh environment in the asylum where patients are confined. The tyrannical administration in the hospital also alludes to the less than humane medication that mental health patients underwent in the early 60s. In the hospital, Big Nurse rules with a heavy hand, condemning any patient not towing the line to isolation. This is a form of punishment, not treatment. In contrast, the recent times have seen a restructuring of mental healthcare systems. What characterizes the restructuring process is the decentralization of mental healthcare, changing from a primary mental hospital into smaller home-based care centers (Morrow et al, 2010). This has effectively solved the problem of isolation that patients in the early 60s faced.
Mental healthcare systems have undergone numerous transformations over time. Nevertheless, a few similarities still exist between the early 60s and the modern times. The movie opens with the admission of a new patient into the mental asylum. In this asylum, it is obvious that there are different types of treatment for different psychological problems. The most obvious treatments for psychiatric patients are electroshock therapy and lobotomy. Doctors in the early 60s used electroshock to induce seizures in persons suffering from mental illnesses for therapeutic effects (Achariah, 2004 and Shorter, 2007).
In modern times, electroshock treatment is still in use in various psychiatric hospitals. Medical practitioners administer electroshock to patients with clinical depression, but have not responded to any other form of treatment (Scott et al, 2005). Currently, electroshock therapy also finds use for patients with dementia and catatonia. However, doctors consider this type of treatment as the last resort due to its harmful side effect, memory loss in some patients.
Secondly, the practice of isolating patients with mental illnesses runs regular between the early 60s and the modern times. In the movie, "One Flew Over the Cuckoo`s Nest;, Chief Bromden has been a resident in this mental facility for a long time. In fact, he is the longest serving patient in the hospital. By keeping him in the hospital, the authorities manage to isolate him from the rest of the society until he is mental fit again. This practice is also common in t...
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