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Poverty Trends in the United States (Essay Sample)


Take a look around the following website: http://www(dot)nlchp(dot)org/ Next, download and read the two articles in this folder: http://goo(dot)gl/fWwKCX Answer the following in 4 pages: Has poverty changed in recent years? In what ways? How is poverty related to sub-group membership? For which group has poverty changed the most? Why do you think these changes have occurred? In what ways has Civil Rights legislation affected these? What do you think the country should do next? Two additional scholarly references must be used. Wikipedia or similar is not allowed.


Poverty Trends in the United States
Poverty Trends in the United States
In recent years, poverty has changed considerably across social classes in the U.S. Poverty changes have occurred inn terms of wealth distribution and increasing income inequalities. According to a 2004 U.S. Census Bureau report, the real income in the 20th income percentile families (the lowest 20 percent earners) decreased by 1.9 percent, from $18, 326 to $ 17, 984, while that of the upper 20 percent increased by 1.1 percent (Walt, Proctor, & Mills, 2004, p. 8). These statistics indicate that whereas the rich continues to increase their net wealth, lower class families get poorer. Between 209 and 2012, income among the top 1 percent increased by 31.4 percent, while it rose by just 0.4 percent within the rest of the population (Brodwin, 2013). The long term implication of this trend is the widening of the gap between the rich and the poor, both in terms of income and net wealth.
In terms of sub-group membership, three sections of the U.S. population stand out as the most affected by poverty; Blacks, families raised by single mothers, and homeless families (McKinnon 2003; Walt, Proctor, & Mills; National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, 2014). A larger percentage of Blacks (23 percent, or 8.1 million) lived below the poverty line 2001, compared to 8 percent (15.3 million) of the non-Hispanic Whites (McKinnon, 2003, p. 6). In families raised by single mothers, 35 percent Black families and 19 percent non-Hispanic White families lived below the poverty line, compared to their male counter parts at 19 percent and 10 percent respectively (McKinnon, 2003, p. 7). Among homeless families, the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty states that there is a strong connection between homelessness and income inequality, and in effect, poverty levels across social classes. Accordingly, the center considers all street families poor because they c...
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