Sign In
Not register? Register Now!
Essay Available:
2 pages/≈550 words
5 Sources
Literature & Language
English (U.S.)
MS Word
Total cost:
$ 7.2

Post Independence Civil War In Mozambique Question (Essay Sample)


Answer two questions separately.


Answer Question
Question 1: Post-independence civil war in Mozambique
National Resistance (Renamo) was created in 1975 after the end of Portuguese colonialism to fight the socialist ruling liberation Front of Mozambique (Frelimo) (Seibert, 253). Renamo was anti-communist and during the Cold War, foreign powers tried interfering in the internal political struggles to influence political outlook of different countries. Zimbabwe then called Rhodesia launched attacks into Mozambique in 1976 for economic and political reasons with the attacks beginning in 1977, and by 1992 when the war ended more than one million people had died and four million displaced (Seibert 254). Renamo had waged war using guerilla tactic and brought terror and violence, but the army was trained in conventional warfare and was unable to fight effectively, in the end the rebels lay down their arms, to begin the peace process in 1992 (Beckett, 139).
Anti-colonial wars are closely linked with the pre-colonial and colonial history, as unity and disunity in Mozambique like in other African countries depends on the history of these nations and not just the vagaries of nationalism. The FRELIMO founding father Eduardo Mondlane was unable to achieve nationalist unity, and even the war was a continuation of nationalistic politics. In 1980, Zimbabwe gained independence and white rule South Africa then provided more support to Renamo as it sought to contain Frelimo, because of its socialist policies and even links with the black dominated ANC in South Africa (Seibert, 263-264).
After independence, Frelimo had replaced many local chiefs with administrators many who did not speak the local languages especially in rural areas and this created discontent, and this was further complicated when these administrators were family from the south (Seibert, 268). Southern dominance created tension and worsened regional relations that were already tense during the colonial times. Frelimo lead

Get the Whole Paper!
Not exactly what you need?
Do you need a custom essay? Order right now:

You Might Also Like Other Topics Related to civil war:

  • NR103 Writing Assignment Harriet Tubman, An Abolitionist
    Description: Harriet Tubman was born in 1822, as the fifth child to Rit Green Ross and Ben Ross. She was an abolitionist, who used the Underground Railroad system to help the slaves escape and seek freedom in Mexico, Caribbean, and Canada...
    1 page/≈275 words | 2 Sources | APA | Health, Medicine, Nursing | Research Paper |
  • Describe And Compare American Military Models: Analyze Changing Policies
    Description: Explain this paradoxical love-hate attitude toward war and how this relationship is reflected in America's military history. Finally, why is understanding this important?...
    4 pages/≈1100 words | 1 Source | APA | History | Essay |
  • America's Industrial Revolution In The Post Civil War Period
    Description: Discuss several of the industries of America's Industrial Revolution in the post-Civil War period. What made these leaders of industry successful? Explain the origins and growth of labor unions. What did Labor Unions accomplish?...
    2 pages/≈550 words | 3 Sources | APA | History | Essay |