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4 pages/≈1100 words
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APA
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Literature & Language
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English (U.S.)
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How Free Were The American People After The War Against Slavery (Essay Sample)

Instructions:

Draft of the Final Essay (up to 100 points) At the direction of your instructor, write a first draft of each element of the required final essay. You will be given writing time in class. Completed first drafts of all the element must be posted here as a single document before the due date. The draft will be reviewed by the instructors and serve as the basis for in-class discussion with other students. Each completed draft element of the essays earns 10 points. A completed draft of each essays containing all five elements earns 100 points. The theme and elements of the essay are as follows:
How free were the American people after the War Against Slavery (1861-1865) and the ensuing Era of Reconstruction (1868-1877) (100 points): A short original essay on the above topic. The essay is required to have 5 distinct elements, which are described below. Each element will be worth 20 points. Each essay should be about 1,000 words or 3½ double-spaced pages in 12 pt font with 1-inch margins on all sides of letter stock (8 ½ x 11) and must be submitted as a Word (doc or docx) attachment on Sakai.
The US Civil War has been described as “the Second American Revolution,” which finally abolished slavery and secured “the blessings of liberty” for all Americans. In your view, how accurate is this assessment? Did the Civil War and Reconstruction secure freedom for all Americans? Why or why not?
Write a short essay setting out your views on this question. Your essay needs to include the following elements, and answers to the following questions:
a) an opening paragraph that “hooks” the reader’s attention and draws them into the essay;
b) a definition of freedom: of what does it consist?
c) a list of the ways in which you think Americans were not free after the Civil War: which Americans, in which ways, including at least two contemporary events, trends or witnesses that support your views;
d) a list of the ways in which you think American society and Americans were free after the Civil War: again, say which Americans, in which ways, including at least two contemporary events, trends or witnesses that support your views; and,
e) a closing paragraph (or more, as necessary), consider(s) the merit of these two contrasting viewpoints and spells out their moral, or the most important lesson.

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Content:


How Free Were the American People After the War Against Slavery (1861-1865) and the Ensuing Era of Reconstruction (1868-1877?)
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How Free Were the American People After the War Against Slavery (1861-1865) and the Ensuing Era of Reconstruction (1868-1877?)
Introduction
During a two-year world tour in 1877, Ulysses S. Grant, the retiring president of the United States was greeted with reverence at every point he stopped. As the primary architect of the American Civil War, Grant was treated as a military genius whose efforts had saved the United States’ millions of slaves (Foner, 2018). The 13th Amendment of 1865 saw the end of slavery and this meant the beginning of the newfound freedom for the blacks. During the Reconstruction period, about 2000 African Americans worked in government agencies (Khan Academy, 2018). The black church, the black family, and education later formed the central elements of African Americans following emancipation. In the South, lives underwent a major transformation free from sexual assaults, forcible relocation, and selling of friends and family members, and a denial of education. African Americans were for the first time permitted to have legal marriages, work for wages, and own homes. Although the period after the civil war and emancipation saw the end of slavery, the white race treated the blacks with prejudices and brutalities against the African Americans persisted (Khan Academy, 2018). This paper presents an argument that while most African Americans celebrated this freedom in private and public gatherings, life after slavery and the ensuing reconstruction proved to be difficult and it is often argued that the blacks were not totally free.
Definition of Freedom
The Oxford University Press (2018) defines freedom as a state of not being enslaved or imprisoned. This implies that people with freedom have the power and right to think, speak, and act as they would wish. Freedom is synonymous to liberty, emancipation, liberation, or deliverance. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines freedom as the state of an individual being free or the absence of constraint or coercion in action or choice (Merriam-Webster, 2018).
Americans Were Not Free After the Civil War
Although the Black Codes, laws instituted by the government at the South, granted the blacks some legal rights to marry, sue in court, and own their own property, the same laws made it illegal for African Americans to testify against whites, serve in courts or in state militias. These laws also demanded that the black tenant farmers and sharecroppers sign yearly contracts, failure to which they could face arrest or get hired out for labor. A majority of black Americans in the south lived in abject rural poverty. This population suffered most as they had been denied wages and education during the years of slavery. Ex-slaves were often forced to rent lands from their white slave owners due to the prevailing economic conditions. The share

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