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History of Western Civilization - Religion & Philosophy (Essay Sample)


Evaluative Essay Instructions
To evaluate an historical theme using assigned sources for support.
To compose a properly formatted, scholarly paper, using the most recent edition of Turabian, Notes-Bibliography.
General Directions:
For this assignment, students will choose 1 historical theme from the list below to research throughout the course:
Students will write 2 analytical essays on their chosen theme, using the primary sources and topic prompts within the additional documents.
In Week 3, students will submit a thesis statement for Evaluative Essay 1 to the instructor for review. This pre-submission of the thesis statement will not be required for Evaluative Essay 2.
Evaluative Essay 1 will cover the period from 3000 BC through AD 476. It is due in Week 4.
Evaluative Essay 2 will cover the period from 476-1640. It is due in Week 7.
Specific Requirements:
The evaluative essay will consider assigned sources on the chosen theme, and evaluate those sources using the topic prompt provided in the additional documents for this assignment.
Format, Length and Organization:
Length: 750-1100 words (roughly 3-4 pages, double spaced – not counting footnotes)
Double spaced text, Times New Roman, size 12 font, standard margins and indentation (see Turabian: Notes-Bibliography)
The paper should have a title page, body, and bibliography page
Using Turabian Notes-Bibliography style, format footnotes for the paper.
Basic Organization (except literature topic, given in literature document): The paper will consist of an introduction, body and conclusion:
Introduction should be one paragraph and should introduce the main argument, ending with a strong thesis statement. The thesis statement is the ONE SENTENCE argument.
Body of the paper is a few paragraphs (3-4) developing and supporting the argument, showing comparison and contrast of the assigned documents, as well as further analysis and Biblical evaluation. The body of the paper should provide specific examples and details from the assigned sources.
Conclusion is the final paragraph, restating the argument and summarizing the main points of the paper, drawing conclusions for the reader. No new information.
The textbook and lectures can be used for basic background information, but the majority of supporting details should be drawn from the assigned sources within each topic document.
For Biblical analysis, you can use your own Bible, or one of the following websites for finding and using Scripture verses. Please note that you need to use a standard translation (such as KJV or ESV) and not a paraphrase Bible (such as the Message).
Srong’s Exhaustive Concordance
Source Citation Examples:
Note that no citation is needed for common knowledge information, but specific examples, details, or arguments drawn from the assigned sources DO need proper source citation.
Martin Luther nailed the 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenburg Church in 1517. (common knowledge, no specific citation needed)
The Hebrew Old Testament is considered to be a book of folklore, myths and stories that is useful for some understanding of Hebrew history, but not always reliable as an historical source since it was written by religious devotees rather than historians.[1] – citation needed because this expresses a specific view or argument.
**If you are unsure of whether or not a citation is needed, it is better to include the citation than to leave it out. You can also contact your instructor for assistance.
[1] Marvin Perry,, Western Civilization Vol. 1, MindTap edition, 2-1c. (Note that this is short-form)


Students Name
History of Western Civilization - Religion & Philosophy
The first crusade was made in an attempt to recapture the Holy land. This decision was made by Pope Urban 2 during the council of Clermont in 1905. The military aimed a conquering the holy land which had been taken over by Muslims. During the takeover, the crusaders killed the Islam defenders hence capturing back the land. Therefore, Morton provides convincing information that the first crusade was not a war or hatred against Islam.
The crusade was made to recover land that previously belonged to Byzantines, and therefore, this did not mean that the crusaders where showing hatred or war towards the Muslims. The crusaders wanted a land that was rightfully theirs, and the Muslims were not willing to offer it back. Therefore, force had to be used, and this was not an indication of hatred but doing what was historically right. According to the Popes speech, the sons of God had promised to keep the peace amongst themselves as well as observe the various rights governing the church. They were also urged to apply their strength of righteousness to matters that concerned themselves and the church. Therefore, this justified their action of taking back a piece of land that belonged to them.[Urban, I. I. "Speech at Council of Clermont, 1095, according to Fulcher of Chartres."]
As well, the crusaders established the different crusader states during the conquests, an act which was in contrast with the wishes of the Byzantines who wanted their land back but not to be occupied by the Latin

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