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10 pages/≈2750 words
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English (U.S.)
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Ethics Of Using Genetically Engineered And Cloned Food (Essay Sample)


Write a 10 page APA paper about the ethics of using genetically engineered and cloned food.
Your paper may only use references from 2012 to 2017. The reference page doesn't add to your page count you need 10 pages of content.
For full credit, you must use at least 10 resources and 10 in-text citations.


Ethics of Using Genetically Engineered and Cloned Food
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Ethics of Using Genetically Engineered and Cloned Food
The introduction of genetically engineered and cloned food has attracted renewed interests from both the policymakers and researchers. The issue has created a controversy over the benefits and potential ethical concerns surrounding such food. As a consequence, the use of cloned and genetically modified food has attracted supporters and adversaries alike. On one hand, supporters of such food contented that it results in economic, social and environmental benefits while critics cite possible risks and ethical issues associated with the food on the other hand. Genetically engineered organisms are produced by removing at least a single gene from an organism's DNA such as a plant, animal, virus or bacterium and recombining the gene(s) into a different organism (Maghari & Ardekani, 2011). With the help of the so-called recombinant DNA technology, scientists are able to alter organisms' DNA to achieve the desired characteristics. Genetically engineered food, also called genetically modified food, refers to the food consisting of or derived from genetically modified organisms (Maghari & Ardekani, 2011). On the other hand, cloning is mainly aimed at producing genetically identical copies (clones) or a given organism. With the use of the so-called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), scientists are able to create clones of animals or plants and hence cloned food. SCNT encompasses fusing an egg cell from an animal and an enucleated donor cell from another animal using an electric pulse (Compassion in World Farming, n.d). This process results in the development of a cloned embryo which is then implanted into a dam (surrogate mother) through a surgical procedure. Just like the use of genetically modified (GM) food, the use of cloned food has also raised some ethical concerns amid its benefits. This essay examines the ethics of utilizing cloned and GM food from the social, environmental and economic perspectives.
Food is social, cultural as well as deeply personal and thus any modification to its production, distribution, and consumption is likely to generate heated ethical debates. Indeed, the advent of GM and cloned food has created controversies. Ethics play a key role in weighing the ethical debates and controversies against the benefits of GM and cloned food. While science focuses on the safety of conducting genetic modifications and cloning of organisms, ethics tries to explain whether it is morally right to utilize such technology. It transcends factual statements regarding cloned GM food to assess statements regarding our actions and behaviors towards others, the environment and ourselves. Initially, the ethical debates regarding GM food were centered on the riskiness of recombinant DNA technology that allowed for the creation of GM food (Devos, Maeseele, Reheul, Speybroeck & De Waele, 2008). Currently, the debates have extended in terms of the scope of concerns addressed and actors involved.
Virtue is one of the areas that allows researchers to determine whether the use of GM and cloned food produces vices while eroding virtues. Specifically, virtue-based arguments for the use of GM food focus on its environmental, social and economic benefits. From the environmental perspective, some genetically engineered crops require minimal pesticide usage and thus reducing the negative impact of pesticides on the environment (Bhuiya, 2012). These crops are not only resistant to pests but also adverse weather conditions. By planting crops which are resistant to severe weather conditions and pests, farmers are able to obtain higher crop yields from a relatively less...

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