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Essay 1 (Plato and Aristotle) (Essay Sample)

Plato believes that all actions are performed for the good, but due to ignorance some (perhaps many) are harmful to ourselves and others. Critically examine Plato's notion that the judgement between that moral decisions is not based on the distinction between good and bad (evil) judgements, but good and ignorant judgements. Critically examine Plato's ethical theory in light of relationship between the Good and good actions. or According to Aristotle, “Happiness is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue”. Provide a critical analysis why you think that virtue ethics has a place in the modern world or why you believe that it is an outdated idea. source..

Essay 1 (Plato and Aristotle)
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Essay 1 (Plato and Aristotle)
According to Aristotle, "Happiness is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue;. There are numerous aspects of this statement. The main theme behind this statement is that happiness cannot be achieved from wealth, honor or health but it can be achieved only by acting in accordance with virtue. Virtue is the ability of an individual to act in the right manner at the right time in the right situation. It is the rational and moral wisdom of an individual. When an individual acts in accordance with virtue, it means he is acting morally and rationally in a given scenario. Virtue ethics discourage the use of extremes and encourage the use of mean of the two extremes. For example; a person should rationalize his actions and he should not pursue the extreme measures. Even though it is believed by some that virtue ethics is an obsolete idea and it not valid in the modern world, but the truth is otherwise. Virtue ethics is completely applicable in the modern world. The following paper would analyze the concept of virtue ethics and its application in the modern world.
Virtue Ethics
Virtue is a way an individual thinks and behaves based on his moral standards. Virtues are developed by an individual`s own cognizance and they are different from a person`s values. An individual must be able to morally rationalize his acts in order to act in accordance with virtue. Virtues are traits or qualities of the character of an individual that lead him towards happiness. For example; flourishing is a state of character which makes an individual conduct himself in a better manner. Thus, flourishing leads a person towards happiness. Similarly, ambition is an individual`s self-control regarding his goals. Patience is an individual`s ability to wait for what he desires. Respect is an individual`s regard for others.
In order to achieve happiness, a person should act or feel in a certain way to the right extent. An individual must rationalize the extent to which he must be patient or the extent to which he must respect others. Too little respect for others can drive a person towards immorality, while too much respect for others can make a person less confident. Thus, an individual must strike a balance while acting in accordance with virtue. The appropriateness of the action in accordance with time and scenario is essential as well. An individual should feel sympathy and pity when it is appropriate, he should feel anger only when it is appropriate and not in any other cases, and he should respect others to the extent that is appropriate and not too much or too less. Thus, virtues involve acting and behaving in appropriate manner. According to Aristotle, the right extent to which a person should feel or act is the mean between extremes (Curzer, 2012). This mean is not determinable in mechanical terms however it is "to...
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