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Literature & Language
English (U.S.)
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A comparative analysis of 4 texts: Literature & Language Essay (Essay Sample)


There are 2 parts to the essay.
The first is a comparative analysis of 1500 words considering the; text genre, intended target audience, text purpose, structure, similarities and differences in content, themes, frames, and use of language.
The second part is a 500-word essay on only one of the texts and how effective it is in achieving its communication purpose.
I would like to include the following concepts:
i) Comments on the ideas of the purpose of the discourse (instrumental or influential), the two levels of Agenda Setting (McCombs & Shaw 1972 & 2002), and
ii) The rhetoric triangle and how each text uses Pathos, Logos and Ethos.
iii) Discourse levels (discursive practice)
What are the normal features of a genre? (in this case news reporting)
What references does the discourse make to other sources? (intertextuality)
iv) Social level (social practice)
What ideologies and ‘common sense’ views are being put forward that are part of the fabric of the society we live in?
What does that tell us about the view of the newspaper?
v) The idea of multimodality and language in isolation/displacing language
I will attach the 4 different texts and the resources to reference


Part and Part 2
Part 1: A Comparative Analysis
A comparative analysis is an essay that allows the comparison of artifacts. Through the analysis, the similarities and differences are highlighted using critical thinking to make arguments. Various aspects may be considered during the stage of comparative analysis. From our comparative analysis, we will evaluate four texts. The texts chosen for this purpose are "Human trafficking cases hit record" by May Bulman, "The Freedom Fund" press release, "Statement on human trafficking and the Global Plan of Action" by Ambassador Jonathan Allen, and #BeAwareOfTheSigns by UNODC. The central theme addressed in this text is the issue of human trafficking. As the rate of human trafficking continues to grow, there is a perceived decline in the rates of conviction. This has produced a worrying trend among campaigners and human rights organizations. This comparative analysis will comment on the ideas of the purpose of the discourse, whether it is instrumental or influential, the rhetoric triangle, discourse level, social level, and the idea of multimodality and language in isolation/displacing language.
Ideas and the Purpose of the Discourse
In these texts, we can clearly deduce that the main issue being addressed is human trafficking. This is an issue that is affected by social, political, and economic discourses. Bulman (2017) narrates how the number of human trafficking cases is increasing. However, the leading cause of concern for her was the decline in the rates of conviction. This implied that there were fewer people who were being incarcerated due to human trafficking. In order to support the arguments, Bulman uses data from the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to reveal how the situation is becoming worse. The second text is a press release by The Freedom Fund. Through the press release, the Freedom Fund reported how its recent report showed that human trafficking and modern slavery were increasing. Although they acknowledged the efforts being made by the international community, they believed that there was much to be done in order to attain total freedom. Although many people were coming out to speak against human trafficking and slavery, the challenge was much more significant, and more efforts were needed.
In text 3, Jonathan Allen, the UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN, stated human trafficking. He started by addressing the issue in its current state and used data to reveal the current state of human trafficking. The message was to ensure that human trafficking was eliminated from the world economy. In the final text, UNDOC presents a graphic work with the hashtag #BeAwareOfTheSigns. Through the graphical presentation, they present critical human trafficking indicators and the signs that people who are under forced labor show. Some of the signs mentioned include having limited social interaction, inability to communicate with others freely, and suffering from injuries and aggression.
From these texts, we can see that the main message being passed is that human trafficking must be ended. There is a need to have bilateral efforts with all stakeholders and ...

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