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Assignment 5: Senior Seminar Project, Emergency Management (Essay Sample)


Assignment 5: Senior Seminar Project 
Due Week 10 and worth 200 points 
In Week 1, you chose a topic area and problem or challenge within that area. Throughout this course, you have researched the dynamics of the problem. The final piece of your project is to develop a viable solution that considers resources, policy, stakeholders, organizational readiness, administrative structures and other internal and external factors, as applicable. Using the papers you have written throughout this course, consolidate your findings into a succinct project.  
Write a ten (10) page paper that as a minimum, your project should include: 
Identify the topical area (e.g., local police department, community jail, border patrol) 
Define a problem or challenge within your topical area that you understand in some depth or have an interest in (examples include high crime rate, poor morale, high levels of violence or recidivism, high number of civilian complaints of harassment, inadequate equipment). Outline the context of the problem or challenge, including the history and any policy decisions that have contributed to the situation. 
Describe how internal or external stakeholders have influenced the situation in a positive or negative way. How will you consider stakeholders in your solution to the problem? How will you motivate individuals to buy into your solution? 
Discuss how technologies or information systems have contributed to the problem and how you will propose technology be implemented into the solution. 
Discuss what data you have collected or researched to indicate there is a problem. Include at least two sources of data and how each is relevant to the problem. 
Develop an effective and efficient solution(s) and a course of action (i.e., plan) that addresses the problem or challenge. 
Explain what methods of assessment you will employ to measure the effectiveness of your solutions. 
**Develop a 10-15 slide PowerPoint Presentation that summarizes the seven items above.** 
Use at least 8 quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources. 
** Also need 10-15 Power point Presentation that summerizes the seven items above.


Senior Seminar project
Senior Seminar project: Emergency management in Border Patrol
The USA government mandates the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to manage any form of disaster within its borders successfully. Therefore, the FEMA coordinates with the Border Patrol in a way to ensure that they solve all the disaster challenges that cause frequent immigration of its citizens or foreign nationals that migrate into the USA due to disaster problems. However, there has been poor coordination between the FEMA and the Border Patrol. Thus, the two organizations have immense pressure to ensure that they accomplish their missions and goals which further derail the functionality of the leadership, the overall management, and the employees. Consequently, the challenges regarding effective management in the two organizations during the emergency period was difficult to support the affected citizens, working together to ensure that all the affected residents are not affected. Besides, the challenges of poor management and coordination increase negligence in protection against disasters, delayed response and recovery as well as mitigation of the problems (, 2017). A recent disaster happened on August 29, 2005, where Hurricane Katrina caused adverse destructions on the Gulf coast from Florida to Texas with much of damages in New Orleans Louisiana as well as the failure of the levee system due to high storm surge. provided information correctly pointing out the failures of FEMA in its preparation and quick response regarding the Katrina. Therefore, its magnitude was devastating and beyond control (USATODAY, 2005).
History of the Emergency management in the USA
The Hurricane Katrina in 2005 exposed failures to various government branches especially the FEMA in the coordination of the destructions and other impacts of the disaster. In many places, especially the New Orleans, people had nowhere to seek refuge and stayed on rooftops with no water to drink, no food, and no medical supplies among others. According to the USATODAY (2005), the report noted that the FEMA and the Border Patrol had no prior experience about the management of emergency situations. Most of the experts at the FEMA had only expertise in the Arabian horse association which is unrelated to the disaster emergencies in USA (USATODAY, 2005).
The FEMA's history about disaster dates back in 1981 when John Macy was the director. However, the primary activity that the director focused on was the similarities between the preparations for hazards and the civil defense operations. Therefore, the FEMA only organized the Emergency Management System based on the risk technique.
The first director of experience in emergency and disaster management was James L. Witt. During his tenure, Witt spearheaded the disaster relief and recovery operation reforms ensuring adequate preparation and mitigation strategies with a focus on employees on customer service. The tenure was followed by Joe Allbaugh in George W. Bush administration in 2001 until the FEMA was taken to the Department of Homeland Security where Michael Brown immediately became the director in 2003 before the Hurricane Katrina. However, he resigned after the Hurricane Katrina that was an Atlantic Tropical Cyclone in 2005 (Stojkovic, Kalinich & Klofas, 2008).
President Bush later appointed Robert David Paulison on 12 September 2005. Robert mainly helped in the mitigation strategies on the aftermath of the disaster in 2005 and resigned in 2009. He was later replaced by Craig Fugate whose nomination got immense support from the congress under the President Barrack Obama (, 2017).
One main resolution of the US Senate was a positive approa...

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